Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)The Mishnah rules that an Almanah is fed from the property of the Yesomim. What if they only possess Metalt'lin?

(b)What is the source of this Halachah?

(c)What does the Tana say about the work that she then produces?

1)

(a)The Mishnah rules that an Almanah is fed from the property of the Yesomim - from both Karka and Metalt'lin ...

(b)... based on the wording of the Kesubah ('You will reside in my house and be fed from my property' [See Tos Yom-Tov]).

(c)The work that she then produces - goes to the Yesomim(See Tos Yom-Tov).

2)

(a)In the event that she dies, if the Yesomim are not obligated to bury her, then who is?

(b)Why is that?

2)

(a)In the event that she dies, it is not the Yesomim who are obligated to bury her (See Tos Yom-Tov) - but the heirs who inherit her Kesubah (See Tos Yom-Tov) ...

(b)... since Chazal instituted 'Kevurasah Tachas Yerushasah'.

Mishnah 2
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3)

(a)The Yesomim are obligated to sustain the Almanah to whom the deceased was married. What if they were only engaged?

(b)In that case, what does the Tana Kama mean when he permits even an Almanah min ha'Erusin to sell? What is she selling?

(c)And what does he mean when he permits her to when he permits her to sell even not via Beis-Din?

3)

(a)The Yesomim are obligated to sustain the Almanah of the deceased if they were married - but not if they were only engaged.

(b)When the Tana Kama permits even an Almanah min ha'Erusin to sell, he is referring to - selling her Kesubah.

(c)And when he permits he to sell even not via Beis-Din (as will be explained in the following Mishnah), he means - that she does not require an official Beis-Din. She does however, require three people who are experts in land-assessment to assess the land that is being sold.

4)

(a)In which point does Rebbi Shimon disagree with the Tana Kama?

(b)What is his reason?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

4)

(a)Rebbi Shimon disagrees with the Tana Kama - regarding an Almanah min ha'Erusin, who, he maintains, is only permitted to sell in Beis-Din ...

(b)... because, he maintains - it is only a married woman, who is entitled to Mezonos, who is authorized to sell property outside of Beis-Din.

(c)The Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.

Mishnah 3
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5)

(a)The Mishnah discusses an Almanah who sells her Kesubah or part of it. What does 'her Kesubah' refer to?

(b)What does the Tana Kama now rule with regard to the remainder of the Kesubah and the Tosefes?

(c)What if she gave it or part of it ...

1. ... as a security against a loan?

2. ... as a gift?

(d)What is the reason for this ruling?

(e)Who must the Tana Kama therefore be?

5)

(a)The Mishnah discusses an Almanah who sells her Kesubah - with reference to Manah or Masayim (See Tos. Yom-Tov), or part of it.

(b)The Tana Kama now - prohibits her from selling the remainder of the Kesubah and the Tosefes outside of Beis-Din, and the same will apply ...

(c)... if she gave it or part of it ...

1. ... as a security against a loan or ...

2. ... as a gift (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(d)The reason for this ruling is - because, once a woman has claimed her Kesubah or part of it, she is no longer entitled to Mezonos.

(e)The Tana Kama must therefore be - Rebbi Shimon, who restricts selling outside Beis-Din to a woman who is selling for Mezonos.

6)

(a)What do the Chachamim say regarding the above cases?

(b)What must she insert in the Sh'tar Mechirah when she sells her husband's property?

(c)What is the Din with regard to a divorcee selling her husband's property for Mezonos?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah?

6)

(a)The Chachamim rule that even if she sells her Kesubah in four or five installments - she remains permitted to sell her husband's property outside of Beis-Din for Mezonos (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)When selling her husband's property, she must insert in the Sh'tar Mechirah - the fact that she is doing so for Mezonos (See Tos.Yom-Tov).

(c)A divorcee - is not permitted to sell her husband's property for Mezonos outside of Beis-Din.

(d)The Halachah is - like the Chachamim.

7)

(a)In the same vein, what do the Chachamim say about an Almanah selling her husband's property in order to receive ...

1. ... her Kesubah?

2. ... the balance of her Kesubah?

(b)Up to which point is she permitted to sell her husband's property for Mezonos?

(c)When she sells, she is requires to make a Shevu'ah to the Yesomim. What is not necessary when selling?

7)

(a)In the same vein, the Chachamim permit an Almanah to sell her husband's property in order to receive ...

1. ... her Kesubah or ...

2. ... the balance of her Kesubah.

(b)She is permitted to sell her husband's property for Mezonos - until she has been paid the entire Kesubah.

(c)When she sells, she is requires to make a Shevu'ah to the Yesomim. It is not necessary however - to make a public announcement regarding the reason that she is selling (as is required when a creditor claims from a debtor).

Mishnah 4
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8)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about an Almanah with a Kesubah of two hundred Zuz who sells ...

1. ... a Manah's-worth of property for two hundred Zuz?

2. ... property worth two hundred Zuz for a Manah?

(b)What is the reason for the latter ruling?

(c)Why in the former case, can she not claim the extra money for herself?

8)

(a)The Mishnah rules that an Almanah with a Kesubah of two hundred Zuz who sells ...

1. ... a Manah's-worth of property for two hundred Zuz or ...

2. ... property worth two hundred Zuz for a Manah (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - has received her full Kesubah ...

(b)... since she has only herself to blame for the loss.

(c)In the former case, she cannot claim the extra money for herself - because, like a Shali'ach who purchases extra goods with the money that the owner gave him, the excess that she receives belongs to the Yesomim.

9)

(a)Why might this Mishnah be confined to where the Almanah sold Karka?

(b)If she sells objects that have a fixed price, and which the Shali'ach purchased at a cheap price, there is a Safek as to who benefits. What is the Halachah?

9)

(a)This Mishnah might be confined to where the Almanah sold Karka - where the sale-price tends to fluctuate ...

(b)... whereas objects that have a fixed price, and which the Shali'ach purchased at a cheap price, there is a Safek as to who benefits. The Halachah is - that the owner and the Shali'ach split the profit (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

10)

(a)Regarding an Almanah whose Kesubah is a Manah, what does the Tana Kama rule in a case where she sells a Manah plus a Dinar's -worth of property for a Manah?

(b)What if she agrees to return the Dinar to the heirs?

(c)Why is that?

10)

(a)Regarding an Almanah whose Kesubah is a Manah (See Tos. Yom-Tov), the Tana Kama rules that, in a case where she sells a Manah plus a Dinar's -worth (See Tos. Yom-Tov) of property for a Manah - the sale is invalid ...

(b)... even if she agrees to return the Dinar to the heirs ...

(c)... since she sold it in one go.

11)

(a)According to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, the sale in the current case is only invalid if the area of the field that she overpaid measures nine Kabin (See Tos. Yom-Tov). What is the significance of nine Kabin?

(b)The equivalent that is considered Chashuv regarding a vegetable garden is half a Kav according to the Chachamim. What Rebbi Akiva say?

(c)What does the Mishnah say in a case where an Almanah whose Kesubah is four hundred Zuz sells Karka to the value of a Manah to three purchasers and to a fourth purchaser Karka worth a Manah and a Dinar?

(d)Like whom is the Halachah regarding the Machlokes between the Tana Kama and Raban Shimon ben Gamliel?

11)

(a)According to Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, the sale in the current case is only invalid if the area of the field that she overpaid measures nine Kabin - the minimum area that falls under the category of a field [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

(b)The equivalent that is considered Chashuv regarding a vegetable garden is half a Kav according to the Chachamim - a quarter of a Kav, according to Rebbi Akiva.

(c)In a case where an Almanah whose Kesubah is four hundred Zuz (See Tos. Yom-Tov) sells Karka to the value of a Manah to three purchasers and to a fourth purchaser Karka worth a Manah and a Dinar, the Mishnah rules - that whereas the last sale is Bateil, the earlier ones are valid.

(d)In the Machlokes between the Tana Kama and Raban Shimon ben Gamliel, the Halachah is - like the Tana Kama.

Mishnah 5
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12)

(a)What does the Tana Kama say about a Beis-Din who sell property (See Tos. Yom-Tov) for one sixth more than its regular price (See Tiferes Yisrae)?

(b)On what grounds does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel disagree?

(c)In which case does the Tana Kama concede that the sale is valid?

(d)What if, in the latter case, they sold property worth a Manah for two hundred Zuz or vice-versa?

12)

(a)The Tana Kama rules that if a Beis-Din sell property (See Tos. Yom-Tov) for one sixth more than its regular price (See Tiferes Yisrael) - the sale is invalid (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Sh'tus' & Michran Bateil.).

(b)Raban Shimon ben Gamliel disagrees (See Tos. Yom-Tov), because - that would undermine the power of Beis-Din.

(c)The Tana Kama concedes that the sale is valid - there where Beis-Din initially wrote a Sh'tar announcing the sale (allowing people the opportunity to make inquiries before purchasing it) ...

(d)... even if they sold property worth a Manah for two hundred Zuz or vice-versa (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 6
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13)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a Mema'enes (a Ketanah who walks out of her marriage), a Sheniyah (la'Arayos [mi'de'Rabbanan) and an Aylonis? What do they all have in common?

(b)The reason however differs in each case. Why is there no K'subah for ...

1. ... a Mema'enes?

2. ... a Sheniyah?

3. ... an Aylonis?

(c)Why did the Chachamim penalize specifically the Sheniyah (rather than her husband)?

(d)Neither are the above-mentioned women entitled to claim Peiros, Mezonos and Bela'os. What does the Tana mean by ...

1. ... 'Peiros'?

2. ... Bela'os?

13)

(a)The Mishnah rules that a Mema'enes (a Ketanah who walks out of her marriage), a Sheniyah (la'Arayos [mi'de'Rabbanan) and an Aylonis - cannot claim their Kesubah ...

(b)... a ...

1. ... Mema'enes - since she was the one to walk out ...

2. ... Sheniyah - because the Chachamim penalized her, and ...

3. ... an Aylonis - because it was a Mekach Ta'us (a negated sale).

(c)The Chachamim penalized specifically the Sheniyah (rather than her husband) - because, seeing as she stands to lose nothing (since a. she remains permitted to marry a Kohen and b. her children do not become Pasul (See also Tos. Yom-Tov), she was probably the one to convince her husband to marry her.

(d)Neither are the above-mentioned women entitled to claim ...

1. ... Peiros - the fruit from her property that her husband and Mezonosa and ...

2. ... Bela'os (the clothes that her husband used [See also Tos. Yov-Tov]).

14)

(a)Seeing as a Mema'enes receives Mezonos up to the time that she walks out, what does 'Ein lah Mezonos' mean?

(b)What is the equivalent Din regarding a Sheniyah and an Aylonis?

(c)Which Bela'os are all three not entitled to claim?

(d)What about Bela'os that are still there?

(e)And what is the equivalent Din regarding a woman who committed adultery?

14)

(a)Since a Mema'enes receives Mezonos up to the time that she walks out, 'Ein lah Mezonos' must refer - to where she borrowed money for Mezonos (from which the husband is now exempt from paying back).

(b)The equivalent Din regarding a Sheniyah and an Aylonis is - that they cannot claim Mezonos at all (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)The Bela'os that all three are not entitled to claim are - her clothes that have been used up.

(d)The Bela'os that are still there - they are all permitted to claim ...

(e)... seeing as even a woman who committed adultery may claim them.

15)

(a)The Bela'os that both a Mema'enes and an Aylonis lose incorporate both Nechsei Milug (for whih the husband does not take responsibility) and Nechsei Tzon Barzel (for which he does). How about a Sheniyah?

(b)On what condition may an Aylonis claim her Kesubah?

15)

(a)The Bela'os that both a Mema'enes and an Aylonis lose incorporate both Nechsei Milug (for whih the husband does not take responsibility) and Nechsei Tzon Barzel (for which he does). The Sheniyah however - may claim the Bela'os of Nechsei Tzon Barzel (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)An Aylonis may claim her Kesubah - if her husband was aware before he married her that she was an Aylonis.

16)

(a)What does the Tana say about an Almanah who is married to a Kohen Gadol, a Gerushah or a Chalutzah to a Kohen Hedyot and a Mamzeres or a Nesinah to a Yisrael, concerning the Din of Kesubah?

16)

(a)The Tana rules that an Almanah who is married to a Kohen Gadol, a Gerushah or a Chalutzah to a Kohen Hedyot and a Mamzeres or a Nesinah to a Yisrael - are all authorized to claim their respective Kesubos (See Tos. Yom-Tov & Tiferes Yisrael).

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