Mishnah 1
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1)

(a)The Mishnah rules that what a woman finds and produces belongs to her husband. What does it say about what she inherits?

(b)If someone wounds her, to whom must he pay her shame and depreciation, according to the Tana Kama?

(c)How does one assess her depreciation?

1)

(a)The Mishnah rules that what a woman finds and produces belongs to her husband, whereas what she inherits - belongs to her, only her husband may 'eat the fruit' (i.e. derive benefit) from it.

(b)According to the Tana Kama, someone who wounds her - must pay her shame and depreciation to her.

(c)One assesses her depreciation - by working out the difference between how much she was worth on the slave-market before the stroke and how much she is worth after the stroke (See also Tos. Yom-Tov).

2)

(a)According to Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira, if the wound is in a location where it is not visible, then the woman receives two thirds of her depreciation and her husband, one. What if it is in a location where it is visible?

(b)The husband receives his portion immediately. What happens to that of the wife?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

2)

(a)According to Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira, if the wound is in a location where it is not visible, then the woman receives two thirds of her depreciation, and her husband, one - the reverse, if it is in a location where it is visible.

(b)The husband receives his portion immediately, whereas that of the wife - is used to purchase a field, from which her husband is permitted to eat the fruit.

(c)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Yehudah ben Beseira.

Mishnah 2
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3)

(a)The Mishnah discusses a case where a man undertakes to pay his future son-in-law a certain amount of money, and the latter dies before the wedding. What will be the Din if the Yavam performs Yibum and claims the money, assuming ...

1. ... both he and his deceased brother are Amei ha'ha'Aretz ...

2. ... he is a Talmid-Chacham?

(b)Why is that?

(c)What if, in a case where the son-in-law did not die and the father-in-law withdraws his promise to pay before the wedding?

3)

(a)The Mishnah discusses a case where a man undertakes to pay his future son-in-law a certain amount of money, and the latter dies before the wedding. If the Yavam performs Yibum and claims the money, assuming ...

1. ... both he and his deceased brother are Amei ha'ha'Aretz - he has no claim, and the same will apply if ...

2. ... he is a Talmid-Chacham ...

(b)... because the father-in-law can claim that he was happy to give his son-in-law that sum of money but not to his son-in-law's brother.

(c)There where the son-in-law did not die and the father-in-law withdraws his promise to pay before the wedding - the former can say to the latter that either he pays him the money that he promised him, or his daughter will remain an Agunah (unmarried) for the rest of her life (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 3
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4)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses a woman who brings a thousand Dinrim cash into the marriage. How many Manah is that equivalent to?

(b)Why does the Chasan then write in the Kesubah fifteen Manah?

(c)What does he write if she brings goods (clothes or ornaments) to the value of a thousand Zuz?

(d)Why is that?

(e)What if they assessed the goods at their market value (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

4)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses a woman who brings a thousand Dinrim cash - (ten Manah) into the marriage.

(b)The Chasan then writes in the Kesubah fifteen Manah (an additional third [half]) - because cash can immediately be invested (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)If she brings goods (clothes or ornaments) to the value of a thousand Zuz - then he writes in the Kesubah that they are worth eight hundred (a fifth [quarter] less) ...

(d)... because goods are subject to wear and tear.

(e)If they assessed the goods at their market value - then that is what he writes in the Kesubah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

5)

(a)What if the Chasan asks for goods that are worth ...

1. ... a Manah?

2. ... four hundred Dinrim?

(b)Assuming the Kalah assessed the goods first, what value does the Chasan write in the Kesubah if she brings in ...

1. ... a large assignment of goods?

2. ... a small assignment?

5)

(a)If the Chasan asks for goods that are worth ...

1. ... a Manah - then she brings in goods that are worth thirty-one Sela'im plus a Dinar (a fifth more).

2. ... four hundred Dinrim - then she brings in goods to the value of five hundred (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)Assuming the Kalah assessed the goods first, the Chasan writes in the Kesubah - one fifth less, irrespective of whether she brings in ...

1. ... a large assignment of goods or ...

2. ... a small assignment.

Mishnah 4
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6)

(a)How many Dinrim are there in a Sela?

(b)If the Kalah undertakes to bring in one Sela, how much does the Chasan write in the Kesubah?

(c)Why does the Tana see fit to repeat this Halachah (which he has already taught us in the previous Mishnah)?

(d)And why, in the previous Mishnah, did he find it necessary to insert the case of ...

1. ... 'Shum 'be'be'Arba Me'os', after having learned 'Shum be'Manah'?

2. ... 'Mah she'Chasan Posek' after having learned 'Shum ... be'Arba Me'os'?

3. ... 'Mah she'Chasan Posek' after 'Shum ... be'Arba Me'os'?

6)

(a)There are - four Dinrim in a Sela.

(b)If the Kalah undertakes to bring in one Sela, the Chasan writes in the Kesubah - six Dinrim.

(c)The Tana sees fit to repeat this Halachah (which he has already taught us in the previous Mishnah) to teach us - that one adds a third, irrespective of the amount involved (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(d)By the same token, insert the case of ...

1. ... 'Shum 'be'be'Arba Me'os', after having learned 'Shum be'Manah', and ...

2. ... 'Mah she'Chasan Posek' after having learned 'Shum ... be'Arba Me'os', to teach us that the Din of detracting a fifth in the Kesubah applies in all cases, irrespective of the value of the goods, and he learns ...

3. ... 'Mah she'Chasan Posek' after 'Shum ... be'Arba Me'os' to teach us that - the same applies, irrespective of whether the Kalah's family first made the assessment, or whether the Chasan first wrote it in the Kesubah.

7)

(a)What does the Tana Kama mean when he says that the Chasan must place ten Dinrim in the kitty for every Manah that the Kalah brings into the marriage?

(b)How often is he obligated to do this?

(c)What does Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel say?

7)

(a)When the Tana Kama says that the Chasan must place ten Dinrim in the kitty for every Manah that the Kalah brings into the marriage, he means that - in exchange for the opportunity to invest in his wife's money, he is obligated to put aside ten Dinrim for every Manah, for his wife to buy herself cosmetics.

(b)It is not clear however as to - whether this is per week, per month or per annum (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)According to Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel - the amount depends on local custom (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 5
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8)

(a)If a father marries off his daughter without stipulating how much he will give her for her Nadan (trousseau), what is the minimum amount that he must give her?

(b)In the event that he declines to provide her with clothes, what ...

1. ... should the Chasan not do?

2. ... is the Chasan obligated to do?

(c)What is the equivalent Din regarding Gaba'ei Tzedakah who marry off an orphan girl with Tzedakah money?

(d)What additional obligation do the Gaba'ei Tzedakah have assuming there are sufficient funds available?

8)

(a)If a father marries off his daughter without stipulating how much he will give her for her Nadan (trousseau), the minimum amount that he must give her is - fifty Dinrim (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)In the event that he declines to provide her with clothes, the Chasan ...

1. ... may not allow her to enter the marriage 'naked' and clothe her afterwards, but rather ...

2. ... ensure that she enters the marriage with decent clothes.

(c)Gaba'ei Tzedakah who marry off an orphan girl with Tzedakah money too - must provide her with a minimum trousseau of fifty Dinrim ...

(d)... and, assuming there are sufficient funds available (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - they must provide her with all her needs, according to her status.

Mishnah 6
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9)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a Yesomah, whose mother or brothers marry her off and write in the Kesubah that they will give her a hundred or fifty Zuz?

(b)How much is that?

(c)What if she agreed to the sum that they wrote in the Kesubah?

(d)When can she claim it?

(e)What does Rebbi Yehudah say in a case where the father already married off an older daughter before he died?

9)

(a)The Mishnah rules that a Yesomah, whose mother or brothers marry her off and write in the Kesubah that they will give her a hundred or fifty Zuz (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - is nevertheless entitled to claim from them whatever she would have received had her father married her off ...

(b)...which is Isur Nechasim (one tenth of his property [See Tos Yom-Tov]) ...

(c)... and it applies even if she agreed to the sum that they wrote in the Kesubah.

(d)She can only claim it however - when she grows up (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'be'Me'ah O ba'Chamishim Zuz').

(e)According to Rebbi Yehudah, if the father already married off an older daughter before he died - then the second daughter receives the same as her sister, even if it is more or it is less, than a tenth of the father's property.

10)

(a)What do the Chachamim of Rebbi Yehudah say (See Tiferes Yisrael)?

(b)What reason do they give for this ruling

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

10)

(a)The Chachamim of Rebbi Yehudah maintain - that one assesses what the father would have given, based on what sort of person he was (See Tiferes Yisrael [See also Tos. Yom-Tov]) and gives the second daughter accordingly ...

(b)... because people's circumstances tend to change (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Yehudah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

11)

(a)What if, according to the Chachamim, it is not possible to assess how much the father would have given?

(b)Which kind of property is not subject to Isur Nechasim?

(c)What do some Poskim say with regard to nowadays?

11)

(a)If it is not possible to assess how much the father would have given - then the Chachamim concede that she receives one tenth of the property, according to its current value.

(b)Metalt'lin is not subject to Isur Nechasim.

(c)Some Poskim rule however - that nowadays, she can claim Isur Nechasim from Metalt'lin as well.

12)

(a)What, if after the Yesomah's father dies, she fails to claim her due until after she gets married?

(b)If the Yesomim stopped feeding her however, then, unless she protests, she can no longer claim it. Why is that

(c)On what other condition will she lose it (even if she was being fed from the Yesomim's property)?

12)

(a)Even if, after the Yesomah's father dies, she fails to claim her due until after she gets married - she is still permitted to claim it.

(b)If the Yesomim stopped feeding her however, then, unless she protests, she can no longer claim it - because we assume that she has been Mochel it (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)She will also lose it - if she is a Bogeres, who is not generally sustained by the Yesomim (even if in fact, they are still feeding her).

Mishnah7
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13)

(a)In a case where a father gives money to an agent on behalf of his daughter to purchase a field or for her Nadan when she marries, in the event that the girl says that she trusts her Chasan and that he should give it to him, Rebbi Meir maintains that the agent should carry out her father's instructions. Why is that?

(b)What does Rebbi Yossi say?

(c)On what S'vara does he base his ruling?

(d)Their Machlokes is confined to a Gedolah during the time of Erusin. What if ...

1. ... she is already married?

2. ... she is still a Ketanah?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah?

13)

(a)In a case where a father gives money to an agent on behalf of his daughter to purchase a field or for her Nadan when she marries, in the event that the girl says that she trusts her Chasan (See Tos. Yom-Tov) and that he should give it to him, Rebbi Meir maintains that the agent should carry out her father's instructions - because it is a Mitzvah to fulfil the words of the deceased.

(b)Rebbi Yossi rules - that one follows the instructions of the daughter ...

(c)... seeing as, if she chose, she would be permitted to sell it immediately (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Harei hi Mechurah' & 'me'Achshav').

(d)Their Machlokes is confined to a Gedolah during the time of Erusin. If however ...

1. ... she is already married - then even Rebbi Meir will agree that we listen to her (See Tos. Yom-Tov), whereas if ...

2. ... she is still a Ketanah - even Rebbi Yossi will agree that 'Ein be'Ma'aseh Ketanah K'lum'.

(e)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Meir.

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