Mishnah 1
Hear the Mishnah

1)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a man who wants to add a hundred Manah on to ...

1. ... the two hundred Zuz of a Besulah?

2. ... the hundred Zuz of an Almanah?

(b)Why might we have thought otherwise?

(c)According to the Tana Kama, a woman is permitted to claim the full amount, irrespective of whether her husband divorced her or died after the Erusin or after the marriage. What does Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah say?

(d)Why is that?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

1)

(a)The Mishnah rules that a man who wants to add (See Tos. Yom-Tov) a hundred Manah on to ...

1. ... the two hundred Zuz of a Besulah or ...

2. ... the hundred Zuz of an Almanah - may do so.

(b)We might have thought otherwise - since it would embarrass those who are unable to do likewise (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)According to the Tana Kama, a woman is permitted to claim the full amount, irrespective of whether her husband divorced her of died after the Erusin or after the marriage. Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah maintains that - after the Erusin, she is only entitled to the Manah or Masayim ...

(d)... because he only added the Tosefes on the understanding that they get married (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(e)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah.

2)

(a)Rebbi Yehudah permits a Besulah to write that she has received one hundred Zuz of her Kesubah. What does he say about an Almanah?

(b)What does Rebbi Meir say?

(c)Why do we rule like Rebbi Meir in this case, in spite of the principle 'Rebbi Yehudah ve'Rebbi Meir, Halachah ke'Rebbi Yehudah'?

2)

(a)Rebbi Yehudah permits a Besulah to write (See Tos. Yom-Tov) that she has received one hundred Zuz of her Kesubah, and an Alamanah - that she has received fifty Zuz.

(b)According to Rebbi Meir - whoever writes a K'subah of less than two hundred Zuz for a Besulah or one of less than a hundred Zuz for an Almanah - is guilty of an illicit relationship with his wife.

(c)In spite of the principle 'Rebbi Yehudah ve'Rebbi Meir, Halachah ke'Rebbi Yehudah', we rule like Rebbi Meir in this case - based on the principle 'Halachah ke'Rebbi Meir bi'Gezeirosav' (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 2
Hear the Mishnah

3)

(a)How long after a man asks his betrothed to get ready for the wedding does she have to prepare, if she is ...

1. ... a Besulah?

2. ... an Almanah (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(b)What is the significance of that time period?

(c)From whom do we learn the former?

3)

(a)After a man asks his betrothed to get ready for the wedding, she has to prepare, assuming she is ...

1. ... a Besulah - twelve months ...

2. ... an Almanah (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - thirty days.

(b)That time-period - is for her to puts together the pieces of jewelry that a Kalah generally wears.

(c)We learn the former - from Lavan, who asked Eliezer for one year after betrothing Rivkah to Yitzchak.

4)

(a)And how long does the Tana give the Chasan to prepare from the time that his betrothed asks him to get ready?

(b)What is the significance of that time period?

(c)What if the fixed time arrives and the wedding is postponed, assuming the Chasan is ...

1. ... a Yisrael?

2. ... a Kohen?

4)

(a)The Tana gives the Chasan - the same time-period to get ready for the wedding as his betrothed would receive if he asked her ...

(b)... in order to prepare for the Chupah and for the wedding feast (which the Chasan tends to arrange).

(c)If the fixed time arrives and the wedding is postponed (See Tos. Yom-Tov), assuming the Chasan is ...

1. ... a Yisrael - he is obligated to sustain her.

2. ... a Kohen - she also becomes permitted to eat Terumah.

5)

(a)What do we learn from the Pasuk in Emor (in connection with Terumah) "ve'Kohen ki Yikneh Nefesh Kinyan Kaspo"?

(b)On what grounds did the Chachamim forbid it?

(c)Why do they then permit her to eat Terumah once the time to get married arrives?

5)

(a)We learn from the Pasuk in Emor "ve'Kohen ki Yikneh Nefesh Kinyan Kaspo"- that a woman who is betrothed to a Kohen is permitted to eat Terumah.

(b)The Chachamim forbade it however - in case she gives some to her siblings.

(c)They do permit her to eat Terumah once the time to get married arrives - since she no longer eats with her parents (and siblings) but in a location that her Chasan sets aside for her.

6)

(a)Rebbi Tarfon permits the Chasan who is a Kohen to feed his Kalah entirely on Terumah (See Tos. Yom-Tov). What will she do during her period of Tum'ah?

(b)What does Rebbi Akiva say?

6)

(a)Rebbi Tarfon permits the Chasan who is a Kohen to feed his Kalah entirely on Terumah (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - which she is able to sell (to other Kohanim) during her period of Tum'ah (See Tos. Yom-Tov & Tiferes Yisrael).

(b)Rebbi Akiva - obligates the Chasan to give at least half her sustenance in the form of Chulin.

Mishnah 3
Hear the Mishnah

7)

(a)The Mishnah forbids a Yavam who is a Kohen to feed his Arusah Terumah. How does he learn this from the Pasuk in Emor "ve'Kohen ki Yikneh Nefesh Kinyan Kaspo"?

(b)What if she spent ...

1. ... six (out of the twelve) month period before her Chasan and six before the Yavam?

2. ... twelve months minus one day before her Chasan and one day before the Yavam?

3. ... one day before her Chasan and the remainder of the twelve months before the Yavam (See Tiferes Yisrael)?

(c)On what condition is she permitted to eat Terumah before the Yavam?

7)

(a)The Mishnah forbids a Yavam who is a Kohen to feed his Arusah Terumah, based on the Pasuk in Emor "ve'Kohen ki Yikneh Nefesh Kinyan Kaspo" - which implies '*his* acquisition', but not that of his brother.

(b)And this ruling applies even if she spent ...

1. ... six (out of the twelve) month period before her Chasan and six before the Yavam, or ...

2. ... twelve months minus one day before her Chasan and one day before the Yavam, and how much more so if she spent only ...

3. ... one day before her Chasan and the remainder of the twelve months before the Yavam (See Tiferes Yisrael).

(c)In fact, she is only permitted to eat Terumah before the Yavam - if she already began to eat before her Chasan died (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

8)

(a)All that we have learned until now about an Arusah eating Terumah after twelve months goes according to the Mishnah Rishonah. What does the Mishnah Acharonah (Beis-Din shel Achareihem) say.

(b)Why did the Chachamim retract from their initial ruling?

(c)Why did the Mishnah Rishonah then permit it?

8)

(a)The Mishnah Achronah (Beis-Din shel Achareihem) rules that - a woman may not eat Terumah until she is married.

(b)The Chachamim retracted from their initial ruling - out of concern that the Chasan might discover an undisclosed blemish that would retroactivley render the marriage invalid.

(c)The Mishnah Rishonah permitted it - because they did not suspect that a girl (who is assumed to be healthy) might have a blemish.

Mishnah 4
Hear the Mishnah

9)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a man who declares Hekdesh what his wife produces?

(b)Why is that (See Tiferes Yisrael)?

(c)According to Rebbi Meir, if he declares Hekdesh the excess (to the value of more than five Sela'aim [Meleches Sh'lomoh]), it becomes Hekdesh after her death (See Tos. Yom-Tov). What does Rebbi Yochanan ha'Sandlar say?

(d)What is the basis of their Machlokes?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah?

9)

(a)The Mishnah rules that if a man declares Hekdesh what his wife produces - she is nevertheless permitted to benefit what she produces ...

(b)... because the Chachamim instituted that her work goes to her husband in exchange for Mezonos, and she is free to retain her work in place of the Mezonos (See Tiferes Yisrael).

(c)According to Rebbi Meir, if he declares Hekdesh the excess (to the value of more than five Sela'aim [Meleches Sh'lomoh]), it becomes Hekdesh after her death (See Tos. Yom-Tov). According to Rebbi Yochanan ha'Sandlar - it remains Chulin.

(d)The basis of their Machlokes is - whether one can declare Hekdesh something that is not yet in the world (i.e. the Mosar only becomes his once she has died (Rebbi Meir [See Tos. Yom-Tov]), or not (Rebbi Yochanan ha'Sandlar) See also Tiferes Yisrael.

(e)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Yochanan ha'Sandlar.

Mishnah 5
Hear the Mishnah

10)

(a)The Tana lists four Melachos that a woman is obligated to perform on behalf of her husband. Three of them are grinding, baking bread and washing his clothes. What is the fourth?

(b)Two of the three remaining obligations he lists are nursing their babies and making the beds. What is the third?

(c)If she brings in ...

1. ... one maidservant (or money to hire one), from what does she become exempt besides grinding and baking?

2. ... two maidservants, from which of the additional obligations, besides cooking, does she become exempt?

3. ... three maidservants, she is also exempt from making the beds and 'working in wool'. What is she still obligated to do for her husband (See Tiferes Yisrael)?

10)

(a)The Tana lists four Melachos that a woman is obligated to perform on behalf of her husband: Grinding, baking bread, washing his clothes - and cooking.

(b)The three remaining obligations he lists are nursing their babies, making the beds and - manufacturing woolen clothes (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)If she brings in ...

1. ... one maidservant (or money to hire one), she becomes exempt from grinding, baking and - washing clothes (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2. ... two maidservants, she also become exempt from cooking - and nursing their babies.

3. ... three maidservants, she is also exempt from making the beds and 'manufacturing woolen clothes', but remains obligated - to make her husband's bed or at least to cover it with a spread (a chore which is easy to perform).

11)

(a)What does the Mishnah permit her to do all day, should she bring in four maidservants?

(b)From what additional chores is she exempt?

(c)Which three things does she nevertheless remain obligated to do?

(d)What is the significance of these three things?

11)

(a)Should she bring in four maidservants, the Mishnah permits her - to lounge in an easy-chair all day.

(b)She is also exempt - from performing her husband's errands.

(c)She nevertheless remains obligated to - pour out his wine, make his bed (as we explained earlier [See also Tos. Yom-Tov]) and wash his face, hands and feet ...

(d)... things that may not be performed by another woman.

12)

(a)What does Rebbi Eliezer say about a woman who brings a hundred maidservants into the marriage?

(b)And what does Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel say about a man who makes a Neder not to derive any benefit from whatever his wife does (See Tiferes Yisrael)?

(c)Why is that?

(d)In what point is Rebbi Eliezer more stringent than Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel?

(e)Like whom is the Halachah?

12)

(a)Rebbi Eliezer rules that even a woman who brings a hundred maidservants into the marriage - must 'work in wool'.

(b)Whereas Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel rules that a man who makes a Neder not to derive any benefit from whatever his wife does (See Tiferes Yisrael) - is obligated to divorce her (See Tos. Yom-Tov) ...

(c)... because idleness literally drives a person crazy.

(d)Rebbi Eliezer is more stringent than Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel in that - whereas according to the latter 'having fun' will suffice to prevent the wife from going crazy, he maintains that having fun leads to an immoral lifestyle.

(e)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Eliezer (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 6
Hear the Mishnah

13)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses a man who makes a Neder forbidding intimacy on his wife. What would he have to say for such a Neder to be effective?

(b)What is the source for the ruling that a direct Neder of this nature is not effective?

(c)According to Beis Shamai, this is permitted up to two weeks. What is the source for that?

13)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses a man who makes a Neder forbidding intimacy on his wife. For such a Neder to be effective - he would have to declare the pleasure of his wife's intimacy forbidden to him.

(b)The source for the ruling that a direct Neder of this nature is not effective - is the Pasuk in Mishpatim "ve'Onasah Lo Yigra" ('he shall not detract from her marital rights').

(c)According to Beis Shamai, this is permitted up to two weeks. The source for this - is the Halachah that renders a woman Tamei for the first two weeks after giving birth to a girl.

14)

(a)What is Beis Hillel's source for saying one week?

(b)Why do they prefer to learn Neder from Nidah than from birth?

(c)And why do Beis Shamai then prefer to learn it from birth?

14)

(a)Beis Hillel's source for saying one week is - a Nidah, who is forbidden (min ha'Torah) to her husband for one week.

(b)They prefer to learn Neder from Nidah than from birth - since both Neder (i.e. when a a wife has done something to raise her husband's ire) and Nidah are common (whereas birth is not).

(c)Beis Shamai nevertheless prefers to learn it from birth - since (unlike Nidah) both Neder and birth are caused by the husband.

15)

(a)What will be the Din regarding Neder, after more than two weeks, according to Beis Shamai or more than one week, according to Beis Hillel (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(b)What will be the time-period that is allowed for a camel-driver, whose Onah is only once every thirty days?

(c)And the same applies to a sailor. How often is his Onah?

15)

(a)In the event that the Neder persists more than two weeks, according to Beis Shamai or more than one week, according to Beis Hillel (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - then he is obligated to divorce her and to pay her Kesubah ...

(b)... even in the case of a camel-driver, whose Onah is only once every thirty days.

(c)And the same applies to a sailor - whose Onah is only once every six months (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

16)

(a)The Mishnah permits Torah-scholars to stay away from home to study Torah without their wives consent for thirty days. This is the opinion of Rebbi Eliezer. What do the Chachamim say?

(b)What does the Mishnah say about laborers?

(c)Rebbi Eliezer presents the Torah's Shi'ur Onah for different groups of people. The Onah for Tayalin is every day. What are 'Tayalin'?

(d)What is the Shi'ur Onah for laborers?

16)

(a)The Mishnah permits Torah-scholars to stay away from home to study Torah without their wives consent for thirty days. This is the opinion of Rebbi Eliezer. According to the Chachamim - even for two or three years (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)The MIshnah allows laborers to stay away from home - for thirty days.

(c)Rebbi Eliezer presents the Torah's Shi'ur Onah (See Tos. Yom-Tov) for Tayalin - people who have no job and no business-dealings, as every day ...

(d)... and for laborers, as twice a week.

17)

(a)What is the Shi'ur Onah for ...

1. ... donkey-drivers?

2. ... camel-drivers?

3. ... sailors? What is the reason for the divergence of the Shi'urim?

(b)What is the Din regarding someone who wants to change his job from one with a shorter Ona'ah to one with a longer one?

(c)What is the sole exception?

17)

(a)Shi'ur Onah for ...

1. ... donkey-drivers (who travel to the neighboring villages to fetch produce) is - once a week, for ...

2. ... camel-drivers (who travel further distances to transport goods from one town to another) - once every thirty days, and for ...

3. ... sailors - (who are out at sea for longer periods) once every six months.

(b)Someone who wants to change his job from one with a shorter Ona'ah to one with a longer one - may do so only with his wife's consent.

(c)The sole exception is - where a any of the above wants to becomes a Talmid-Chacham, whose wife does not have the right to stop him.

Mishnah 7
Hear the Mishnah

18)

(a)What does the Tana mean when he talks about a Moredes (a woman who rebels against her husband)?

(b)What does the Mishnah rule with regard to such a woman?

(c)The Tana Kama maintains that she loses seven Dinrim per week. According to Rebbi Yehudah, it is seven Tarp'ikion. How much is a Tarp'ik (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(d)What if she refuses to work?

18)

(a)When the Tana talks about a woman who rebels against her husband, he is referring to - a woman who refuses to be intimate with him.

(b)The Mishnah rules - that one deducts from her Kesubah a fixed amount each week ...

(c)... seven Dinrim, according to the Tana Kama. According to Rebbi Yehudah, it is seven Tarp'ikin - forty-eight barley-grains of purified silver (which is equivalent to half a Dinar (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(d)If she refuses to work - Beis-Din force her to.

19)

(a)How long does this go on for?

(b)What happens after that?

(c)According to Rebbi Yossi, the husband may continue to deduct even beyond the value of her Kesubah? What does he mean by that?

19)

(a)This go on- until the full amount of her Kesubah has been deducted.

(b)After that - he divorces her without a Kesubah.

(c)According to Rebbi Yossi, the husband may continue to deduct even beyond the value of her Kesubah - by which he means that, in the event that she receives an inheritance, he may claim the weekly sum from it.

20)

(a)What happens to a man who rebels against his wife?

(b)The Tana Kama maintains that he has to add three Dinrim a week. What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(c)Why is the wife's K'nas larger than that of the husband?

20)

(a)If a man rebels against his wife - then he is Chayav to add a fixed weekly sum to his wife's Kesubah ...

(b)... three Dinrim, according to the Tana Kama; according to Rebbi Yehudah - three Tarp'ikim.

(c)The wife's K'nas is larger than that of the husband - because the man's pain (at being held back from intimacy) is greater than that of a woman.

21)

(a)The Gemara points out that the Chachamim retracted from the above Halachah. How and for how long do they publicize a Moredes to induce her to recant?

(b)This is the Halachah if she is married. What if she is ...

1. ... betrothed?

2. ... a Nidah or sick?

3. ... a Shomeres Yavam?

(c)What do they inform her before and after each occasion?

(d)What if she stands her ground?

21)

(a)The Gemara points out that the Chachamim retracted from the above Halachah. What they do is - publicize her actions in the local Shuls and Batei Medrash for four consecutive Shabbasos (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)This is the Halachah irrespective of whether she is married or ...

1. ... betrothed, and even if she is ...

2. ... a Nidah (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Ad Masai'), sick or ...

3. ... a Shomeres Yavam.

(c)Before each occasion they inform her - of what they are about to do, and after each time they inform her of what they have done.

(d)If she still stands her ground - then her husband divorces her without a Kesubah.

Mishnah 8
Hear the Mishnah

22)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses a man who is Mashreh es Ishto through an agent. What does this mean?

(b)If the agent provides her with wheat, he must give her not less than two Kabin per week. How much barley must he give her, according to the Tana Kama?

(c)Rebbi Yossi maintains however, that it was only Rebbi Yishmael who authorized a woman to receive so much barley. Why is that?

22)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses a man who is Mashreh es Ishto - provides her food through an agent.

(b)If the agent provides her with wheat, he must give her not less than two Kabin per week (See Tos. Yom-Tov); barley, according to the Tana Kama - four.

(c)Rebbi Yossi maintains however, that it was only Rebbi Yishmael who authorized a woman to receive so much barley - because he lived near the land of Edom, where the barley was inferior.

23)

(a)The Tana goes on to prescribe half a Kav of legumes. How much oil does he obligate the agent to give her?

(b)The agent must also give her a Kav of dried figs and a Manah (the weight of a hundred Dinrim) D'veilah. What is a 'D'veilah'?

(c)What if the husband does not own figs?

(d)And he also has to provide her with a bed, a Machtzeles (a kind of matting that is used to lean on) and a Mapatz. What is a Mapatz?

23)

(a)The Tana goes on to prescribe half a Kav of legumes - and half a Log (three egg-volumes [See Tos. Yom-Tov & Meleches Sh'lomoh]) of oil.

(b)The agent must also give her a Kav of dried figs and a Manah (the weight of a hundred Dinrim) 'D'veilah' - (a cake of pressed figs).

(c)If the husband does not own figs - he arranges for her to receive other fruits to the equivalent amount.

(d)And he also has to provide her with a bed, a Machtzeles (a kind of matting that is used to lean on) and a Mapatz - (a softer kind of Matting [See Tos. Yom-Tov & Tiferes Yisrael]).

24)

(a)The agent must also give her a hat, a belt and shoes. How often must he provide her with new shoes?

(b)Besides the above, how much must he spend annually on new clothes?

(c)Why is he is not permitted to buy her new clothes in the summer and second-hand clothes in the winter?

(d)Then what should he do?

(e)And the Tana concludes that when he buys her new clothes, the worn-out clothes belong to her. What does she do with them?

24)

(a)The agent must also give her a hat, a belt and shoes - which he must provide three times a year (on Pesach, Shavu'os and Succos -See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

(b)Besides the above, he must spend - fifty Shekalim (See Tos. Yom-Tov) annually on new clothes for her.

(c)He is not permitted to buy her new clothes in the summer and second-hand clothes in the winter - because new clothes are too hot for summer wear.

(d)What he should therefore do is - buy her new clothes in the winter, which she continues to wear in the summer.

(e)And the Tana concludes that when he buys her new clothes, the worn-out clothes belong to her - and she wears them during her periods of Nidus.

Mishnah 9
Hear the Mishnah

25)

(a)How much is the agent obligated to give the woman for trinkets?

(b)How often must he do this?

(c)What if he fails to fulfill this obligation (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?

(d)How often is her husband obligated to eat together with her?

(e)Why is that?

25)

(a)The agent is obligated to give the woman - one silver Ma'ah (a sixth of a Dinar) for trinkets ...

(b)... each week.

(c)If he fails to fulfill this obligation (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - then she is entitled to retain the work that she produces (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'u'Mah Hi Osah lo').

(d)Her husband is obligated to eat together with her - on Friday night ...

(e)... because it is the night of intimacy (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

26)

(a)For her part, the wife is obligated to produce five Sela'im-worth of Sh'si in Yehudah. What is Sh'si?

(b)What is the equivalent in the Galil?

(c)How much does she have to produce if she manufactures Areiv?

(d)What is 'Areiv'?

26)

(a)For her part, the wife is obligated to produce five Sela'im-worth of Sh'si - the warp on the weaving-loom in Yehudah ...

(b)... which is equivalent to - ten Sela'im worth in the Galil (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)If she manufactures Areiv she has to produce double - ten Sela'im-worth in Yehudah, twenty in the Galil

(d)Areiv is - the woof on the weaving-loom.

27)

(a)How will the fact that she is nursing a baby affect the above rulings?

(b)How does the Tana finally qualify the above-mentioned amounts that a woman receives from her husband? On what condition will he be obligated to increase them?

(c)Based on what other conditions might the amounts differ from those specified by the Mishnah?

27)

(a)If she is nursing a baby - the Tana reduces her obligation regarding her Ma'aseh Yadehah and adds on to her Mezonos (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)The Tana finally qualifies the above-mentioned amounts that a woman receives from her husband - a. by confining them to a poor man, but if he is wealthy, then he must increase the amounts commensurate with his wealth (See Tos. Yom-Tov) ...

(c)... and b. by conditioning them according to the local Minhag.

D.A.F. TALMUD RESOURCES
FOR MASECHES KESUVOS