BACKGROUND TO THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Yerushalayim
KESUVOS 104 - 110 - Dedicated in memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, by his children Eddie and Lawrence and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving husband and father and is missed dearly by his family and friends. His Yahrzeit is 5 Teves.
[107a - 34 lines; 107b - 46 lines]
1) [line 1] POSKIN MEZONOS - [if a man travels overseas and leaves his wife without provisions, Beis Din sells some of his property and] designates funds for his wife
2) [line 3] ABA - Rav. Rav is called Aba (a) as a title of authority, since Rav was older than Shmuel (RASHI Yevamos 57b); (b) because that was his name (ARUCH, Erech Abaye, cited by TOSFOS Chulin 38a DH Itztrich)
3) [line 8] EIMA, TZERAREI ATPESAH - I may say that the husband, at the time that he left, gave her bundles of money to be used for buying food
4) [line 11] V'LO SAFKAH - and the amount that she earns from the work that she must do does not cover the cost of her food
5) [line 24] V'IM BA V'AMAR TZE'I MA'ASEH YADAYICH BI'MZONOSAYICH, RASHAI - that is, if the husband comes and says that he had made an agreement with his wife prior to his departure that she will keep her earnings and he will not support her, he is believed (RITVA)
6) [line 29] B'MASHREH ES ISHTO AL YEDEI SHALISH - a man who provides for his wife's daily needs through an agent
7) [line 31] MAI PASKA - why did the Beraisa write it without qualification?
8) [line 31] HI, D'IY BA'IS INSUVEI B'ED ECHAD MATZI MINSEVA - the wife, who, if she wants to, can get married by the testimony of one witness, by taking advantage of the special enactment of Beis Din (MISHNAH Yevamos 87b)
9) [line 33] L'MEICHAS LI'NECHASAV - to divide his property (lit. to go down to his property)
10) [line 2] TINAVEIL - she will be disgraced
11) [line 7] LO MIKARVA DA'ATEI L'GABAH - he does not feel close to her [and definitely did not give her bundles of money]
12) [line 15] MEMA'ENES (MI'UN)
(a) The Torah gives a father the right to marry off his daughter at any age before she is twelve years old.
(b) If she was divorced or widowed or her father died without marrying her off, the Chachamim gave the girl's mother and/or oldest brother the right to marry her off. In these cases the marriage is only mid'Rabanan and she must be at least ten years old, or at least six years old if she has an understanding of the concept of marriage.
(c) According to the RAMBAM and the RA'AVAD, in the above circumstances, the Chachamim also gave her the right to get married by herself. This marriage is also mid'Rabanan. According to the Rambam, she must be at least ten years old, or at least six years old if she has an understanding of the concept of marriage. According to the Ra'avad, however, her Kidushin is valid even if she has enough sense to guard the object given to her for her Kidushin (and she realizes that it was given to her for Kidushin).
(d) In the instances of marriage mid'Rabanan, before she reaches Halachic puberty and becomes a Na'arah (through the growth of two pubic hairs), she has the option of annulling the marriage through a procedure known as Mi'un (refusal). She says before two witnesses, "I do not want him," and the marriage is annulled retroactively. There is no need for her to receive a Get (a bill of divorce). A girl who is married off by her father cannot annul the marriage through Mi'un. (RAMBAM Hilchos Ishus 4:7-8)
13) [line 24] BEIS SHE'ARIM - an important city in the times of the Mishnah and the Gemara, located in the lower Galilee southeast of Haifa and to the west of the modern-day Moshav Beis She'arim.
14) [line 25] TZIPORI - a city in the lower Galilee, approximately midway between Tiberias and Haifa
15) [line 26] TAHI BAH - wondered about it
16) [line 31] PASRISU BAH KULEI HAI - have you gone so far in your interpretations?
17) [line 40] V'HILCHESA KAVASEI D'RAV ZEVID B'KUNYA - (These three Halachos were said over in the Beis ha'Midrash at the same time. That is why the Gemara quotes the Halachah of Kunya here even though it has nothing to do with the Gemara's discussion -- RITVA; see also SHITAH MEKUBETZES citing Ra'avad, who suggests it is cited here because Rav Zevid was mentioned earlier in this Gemara, at the top of 107a)
18) [line 41] MANEI D'KUNYA - (a) earthenware utensils that are covered with lead (O.F. plomer - to cover [a clay vessel] with lead) (RASHI); (b) earthenware utensils that are covered with glass (ARUCH, cited by RABEINU TAM in TOSFOS)
19) [line 41] CHIVREI V'UCHMEI - white and black
20) [line 42] YERUKEI - yellow greenish, where the utensils are made as above, except that alum is mixed in with the lead
21) [line 42] KARTUFNEI - cracks
22) [last line] HINI'ACH MA'OSAV AL KEREN HA'TZEVI - (lit. he placed his money on the horn of a gazelle) he lost his money
23) [last line] HA'MUDAR HANA'AH ME'CHAVEIRO - a person (Reuven) whose friend (Shimon) made a vow that he (Reuven) may not derive any benefit from his friend (Shimon)
Index to Background for Maseches Kesuvos