1) [line 2] V'ACHTEI L'DINEI - and he started his case (the case of ha'Hu Gavra)
2) [line 3] YEKARA - honor
3) [line 4] ISTATEIM TA'ANASEI - his pleas were stopped (because he was intimidated)
4) [line 4] SEDER D'ELIYAHU - an early Midrash attributed to the teachings of the prophet Eliyahu, first printed in Venice, 1598
5) [line 6] U'VA'A RACHAMEI - and he prayed
6) [line 7] HAVAH MAV'IS LEI BE'USEI - he was frightening him
7) [line 8] V'AVAD TEIVUSA V'YASIV KAMEI - and he built a box [in which to sit] and sat before him
8) [line 8] AD D'APIK LEI SIDREI - until he finished the entire treatise
9) [line 10] RIS'CHA - anger, wrath [of the Creator] (and a consequential famine)
10) [line 12] D'CHI HAVU RABANAN MIFTEREI MI'KAMEI - when his students (lit. the scholars) would leave him [from the Beis ha'Midrash]
11) [line 13] HAVU FAISHEI - there remained
12) [line 22] TELEISAR AMORA'EI - thirteen Meturgemanim, the ones who expound in a loud voice that which the Chacham says in a low voice
13) [line 23] MESIVTA - Yeshiva
14) [line 23] NAPTZEI GELIMAIHU - and shook out their cloaks
15) [line 24] V'CHASI LEI L'YOMA - and it would block out the sunlight
16) [line 24] V'AMRI B'MA'ARAVA - and they would say in Eretz Yisrael
17) [line 30] V'KARU NAFSHAIHU YASMEI D'YASMEI - and they called themselves "orphans of orphans"
18) [line 31] MEVAKREI MUMIN - the ones who checked animals for blemishes to see whether they were fit to be offered on the Mizbe'ach
19) [line 36] KEMITZAH
(a) When an individual who is not a Kohen offers a Korban Minchah (flour offering), a Kohen must take off a Kometz (handful), which is burned upon the Mizbe'ach.
(b) A Kometz is the amount that can be held by the middle three fingers when they are pressed upon the palm. The Kohen puts his hand in the dough or baked goods and removes one handful. He next wipes off the dough or baked goods that stick out, using his thumb and smallest finger, until only the Kometz remains.
(c) The remainder of the Minchah (the Sheyarei ha'Minchah) is eaten by male Kohanim.
(d) A Minchah that is brought by the Tzibur, a Minchah offered by a Kohen, and a Minchah that is brought together with an animal Korban (the Minchas Nesachim) are entirely burned on the Mizbe'ach.
20) [line 38] MAGIHEI SEFARIM - scribes who would check and correct scrolls of Tanach
21) [line 40] HA'ORGOS B'FARACHOS - who weave the curtains of the Beis ha'Mikdash
22) [line 41] MI'KODSHEI BEDEK HA'BAYIS - objects dedicated to Hekdesh that become the property of the Beis ha'Mikdash, to be used as needed (see Background to Me'ilah 12:8)
23) [line 43] BEIS GARMO - the family of the house of Garmo, who were experts in the art of baking the Lechem ha'Panim
24) [line 44] LECHEM HA'PANIM
(a) The Lechem ha'Panim (Showbread) is an offering of 12 loaves (that are Matzah), which are arranged in two stacks (Sedarim), six loaves to each stack, on the Golden Table of the Mishkan or Beis ha'Mikdash. Fresh loaves were arranged on the Table every Shabbos and are left there until the following Shabbos. The Kohanim eat the loaves that are removed. (Vayikra 24:5-9).
(b) Wooden racks (Kanin) separate the loaves to allow air to circulate so that the bread will not spoil.
(c) A Kometz (the amount that will fit under the middle three fingers when they are pressed upon the palm) of Levonah (frankincense) is placed alongside each stack in a Bazach (bowl). Only the Levonah is offered on the Mizbe'ach. The offering of the Levonah permits the loaves to be eaten.
25) [line 44] BEIS AVTINAS - the family of the house of Avtinas, Kohanim who compounded the Ketores (and were the only ones who could identify the Ma'aleh Ashan, an herb that caused the smoke of the Ketores to rise in a column)
26) [line 45] KETORES
(a) The Ketores is the incense that was offered on the golden Mizbe'ach in the Heichal of the Beis ha'Mikdash. It was offered twice each day, in the morning when the Kohen cleaned out the lamps of the Menorah, and before evening when the Kohen lit the Menorah. It consisted of the following eleven ingredients:
1. 70 Maneh (350 pounds) of TZARI ("Seraf ha'Notef me'Atzei ha'Ketaf") - sap of the balsam tree.
2. 70 Maneh (350 pounds) of TZIPOREN ("Shecheles") - a kind of root/annual plant. Some identify this plant with a species of rock-rose, Cistus ladaniferus, which has fingernail-like petals. Alternatively, Tziporen may be onycha, a type of flower.
3. 70 Maneh (350 pounds) of CHELBENAH - (a) galbanum; a yellow-brown gum resin obtained from a plant in Persia; (b) According to some, Chelbenah is the gum of the common storax tree.
4. 70 Maneh (350 pounds) of LEVONAH - frankincense or oliban; a gum resin from trees of Arabia and India. The gum is yellowish and semi-transparent, with a bitter nauseous taste. It is hard and capable of being pulverized, producing a strong aromatic odor when burned.
5. 16 Maneh (80 pounds) of MOR - myrrh.
6. 16 Maneh (80 pounds) KETZI'AH - cassia.
7. 16 Maneh (80 pounds) SHIBOLES NERD - spikenard.
8. 16 Maneh (80 pounds) KARKOM - saffron.
9. 12 Maneh (60 pounds) KOSHT - costus.
10. 3 Maneh (15 pounds) KILUFAH - cinnamon bark.
11. 9 Maneh (45 pounds) KINAMON - cinnamon.
(b) In addition, the following ingredients were added to make it burn well:
1. One quarter Kav (1 cup) of MELACH SEDOMIS - Sodomite salt.
2. A small amount of MA'ALEH ASHAN - probably Leptadenia Pyrotechnica, which contains nitric acid, causing the smoke to rise straight up.
(c) The following two ingredients were used to prepare the Tziporen:
1. 1 Kav (9 quarts) of BORIS KARSHINAH - vetch lye to polish the Tziporen.
2. 3 Se'ah and 3 Kavim (21 quarts) of YEIN KAFRISIN - (a) the fermented juice of the caper-berry; (b) wine made from grapes that grow in Cyprus. The Tziporen was soaked in the Yein Kafrisin. If Yein Kafrisin was not available, the Ketores was compounded instead with CHAMAR CHIVARYAN ATIK - very-old strong white wine.
(d) Rebbi Nasan ha'Bavli says that a small amount of Kipas ha'Yarden, probably cyclamen, was also added.
27) [line 46] BED'VAVEI - the curtains that were located in the doorways [merely for privacy]
28) [line 47] HEICHAL - the Sanctuary, which contained the Menorah, the Shulchan for the Lechem ha'Panim, and the Mizbe'ach for the Ketores
29) [line 48] ULAM - the Entrance Hall of the Beis ha'Mikdash (that opened onto the Heichal)
30) [line 48] DEVIR - the partition that divided between the Ulam and the Heichal (RASHI to Megilah 10b)
31) [line 48] SHTAYIM KENEGDAN BA'ALIYAH - two curtains were located directly above the curtains of the Devir in the upper story (to separate between the areas corresponding to the Heichal and Kodesh ha'Kodashim in the upper story)
32) [line 49] PARAH
(a) The Parah Adumah, an exclusively red-haired female cow is burned on Har ha'Zeisim and its ashes are used for making a person Tahor if he is Tamei Mes. Only a cow that has not had a yoke placed upon it and has had no other work done with it is fit to be used as a Parah Adumah. A place is prepared for its slaughter on Har ha'Zeisim, opposite the gate to the Azarah (the courtyard of the Beis ha'Mikdash). After it is slaughtered, its blood is sprinkled in the direction of the Beis ha'Mikdash seven times. A cedar branch, some Ezov branches and a piece of crimson wool are thrown into the carcass of the cow while it is burning. (Bamidbar 19:1-22)
(b) If a person (or utensil) became Tamei through touching a Mes, he must wait seven days to become Tahor. On the third and seventh days he must have spring water mixed with the ashes of the Parah Adumah (Mei Chatas) sprinkled on him. A person who is Tahor dips three Ezov branches that have been bound together into the mixture, and sprinkles them on the person who is Tamei. On the seventh day, he immerses in a Mikvah after the mixture is sprinkled on him in order to complete his Taharah. (Bamidbar 19:17-19)
33) [line 49] NASHIM YEKAROS - wealthy women
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