prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) What do Beis Hillel in a Beraisa learn from the word "O" (in the Pasuk in Tazri'a (in connection with the Korban of a Yoledes who gave birth "O le'Bas")? What does "O" come to include?
(b) Rebbi Hoshaya used to learn under bar Kapara. For whom did he substitute him?
(c) What did he ask his former Rebbe, when he met him once some time after that, regarding a Zav of three sightings who had another sighting on the eighth night following his third sighting?
(d) Why might this be different than the previous case of the Yoledes who had a miscarriage on the night of the eighty-first day?
(a) When bar Kapara asked Rebbi Hoshaya what the Bavli said about it, he replied with silence. Whom did he mean by 'the Bavli'?
(b) Why was Rebbi Chiya called by that name?
(c) To solve the She'eilah, bar Kapara said 'Tzerichim le'Divrei Iya'. What did he mean by that? Who was 'Iya'?
(d) One Beraisa says 'Zav she'Ra'ah Sheloshah Re'iyos be'Leil Shemini, Meivi', whereas another Beraisa says ' ... Eino Meivi'. How do we initially try to establish ...
1. ... the two Beraisos?
2. ... the basis of their Machlokes?
(e) Rav Acha bar Huna Amar Rebbi Elazar establishes both Beraisos as holding 'Laylah Mechusar Z'man'. How does he then explain the Beraisa which holds 'Meivi'?
(a) If that is so, we ask, what is the Chidush of the Beraisa that holds 'Meivi'. How do we answer this? Which case is the Tana coming to preclude?
(b) Why should that be? Why should a Re'iyah on the seventh day not finalize the Zivus, and obligate a Korban?
(c) Rava asked that, according to Rav Acha bar Huna, the Tana in the second Perek ought to have included the case of the Beraisa of three Re'iyos in the Mishnah 'Chamishah Mevi'in Korban Echad al Aveiros Harbeh'. What does he mean by that?
(d) And we answer that this is not possible, because based on a statement of Rebbi Yochanan, there are times where Re'iyas Laylah does require a Korban. What does Rebbi Yochanan say about a Zav who sees ...
1. ... one sighting at night followed by two in the day?
2. ... two sightings at night followed by one by day?
(a) How does Rav Yosef support Rebbi Yochanan's first statement from every regular Zivus?
(b) On what grounds does Rav Shisha b'rei de'Rav Idi reject Rav Yosef's proof (even though he does not argue with Rebbi Yochanan's ruling)?
(a) What is the basis of Rebbi Yochanan's second ruling ('Shenayim ba'Laylah ve'Achas ba'Yom, Eino Meivi')?
(b) We query Rebbi Yochanan from another statement of his, where he argues with Chizkiyah, who says (with regard to a Nazir on the eighth day of Taharah) 'Nitma ba'Yom Meivi, ba'Laylah Eino Meivi'. What does Rebbi Yochanan say? Why is that?
(c) What problem do we have with the answer to the discrepancy, that he issued his previous ruling according to those who hold 'Laylah Mechusar Z'man' (though he himself does not hold like that)?
(d) How do we solve the problem, bearing in mind that his previous statement comprised two parts? What then is his Chidush?
(a) What does our Mishnah rule regarding a woman who has ...
1. ... a Safek Zivah or a Safek Leidah?
2. ... five Vaday Leidos or five Vaday Zivos?
3. ... five Safek Leidos or five Safek Zivos?
(b) What is the reason for ...
1. ... this latter ruling? Why should the woman not remain obligated to bring the remaining Korbanos later?
2. ... the earlier ruling? Why should she be permitted to eat Kodshim before having brought all her Korbanos?
(c) What do we learn from the word "Zos"(in the Pasuk in Tazri'a "Zos Toras ha'Yoledes")?
(a) For how much were the bird-dealers originally selling a pair of birds in Yerushalayim?
(b) How did Raban Shimon ben Gamliel force the bird-dealers to drop their prices? By when did he set out to do that?
(c) On what basis did he waive a Torah law?
(d) How much was the same pair of birds going for by the time Raban Shimon ben Gamliel went to bed?
(a) What does the Beraisa rule in a case where a woman has five Leidos Vaday and five Zivos Safek, or five Zivos Vaday and five Leidos Safek?
(b) What two distinctions does the Tana draw between the two pairs?
(c) What distinction does Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri draw between the cases of Vaday and Safek with regard to eating Kodshim?
(d) What does he say in a case where the Vaday and the Safek are the same kind (both Leidos or both Zivos)?
(e) What does Rebbi Akiva say?
(a) How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak citing Rava, explain ...
1. ... why Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri requires the Korban permitting the woman to eat Kodshim, to be specifically the last one? To what does he compare these five Chata'os?
2. ... why Rebbi Akiva does differentiate?
(b) On what grounds did Rav Papa query Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak's explanation (from the Seifa from the Din of Safek [see Shitah Mekubetzes 22])?
(c) And he proves from a Beraisa that there is no difference between Vaday and Safek in this regard. What principle does the Tana present with regard to someone who is Chayav a number of Asham Teluyos?
(a) Rav Papa therefore gives Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri's reason as 'Chosh'shin li'Peshi'ah' (as we explained earlier). What does this mean? How will it explain the difference between the Reisha and the Seifa?
(b) What does Rabbi Akiva say?
(c) Others explain 'Chosh'shin li'Peshi'ah' to mean that we are afraid that because she ate Kodshim before having brought the other four Korbanos, following subsequent births, she will not bring a Korban at all, and eat Kodshim whilst she is Tamei. What problem do we have with Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri's ruling in ...
1. ... the Reisha?
2. ... the Seifa?
HADRAN ALACH 'SHELOSHIM VE'SHEISH
PEREK ARBA'AH MECHUSREI KAPARAH
(a) Our Mishnah discusses the Mechusrei Kaparah and those who bring a Korban Chatas on both Meizid and Shogeg. What do they both have in common?
(b) What is the basic difference between a regular Chatas and that of the Mechusrei Kaparah?
(c) If three of the four Mechusrei Kaparah are a Zav, a Zavah and a Yoledes, what is the fourth?
(d) What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say about ...
1. ... a Ger Mechusar Kaparah?
2. ... a Nazir Mechusar Kaparah?
(a) What problem do we have with the Tana's inclusion of Zav and Zavah?
(b) And we ascribe it to the fact that the Din of a Zav differs from that of a Zavah in two respects; one of them is based on the word "mi'Besaro" (in the Pasuk in Metzora "Ish Ish ki Yih'yeh Zav mi'Besaro"). What do we learn from there?
(c) The other distinction is based on a Beraisa. How does the Tana differentiate between a Zav and a Zavah in connection with the inception of the two respective Tum'os?
(a) We query the above from Metzora. If "ve'ha'Tzaru'a" teaches us that a woman is subject to Tzara'as just like a man, why does the Torah then write "Ish Tzaru'a Hu"?
(b) Besides entering the camp of Yisrael, what other prohibition pertains to a Metzora?
(c) What do we also learn from the word "le'Ohalo" (in the Pasuk there "ve'Yashav mi'Chutz le'Ohalo Shiv'as Yamim")?
(d) Seeing as a Metzora and a Metzora'as too, have different Dinim, why does the Tana not list them as two cases (like he does a Zav and a Zavah)?
(a) As we just learned, Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov includes a Ger among the Mechusrei Kaparah. On what grounds does the Tana Kama preclude him?
(b) What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say to that?
(c) And why do the Rabbanan not include Nazir, whose Korban permits him to drink wine?
(d) Seeing as Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov does insert Nazir in the Mishnah, even though his Korban only permits him to drink Chulin wine, why does he not also insert Nazir de'Tum'ah? What does his Korban come to permit?
(a) The Beraisa discusses the initiation Korban of a Ger, who has the option of bringing two birds, should he so wish. What is the basic difference between these two birds and the two birds of Mechusrei Kaparah?
(b) Who is the author of the Beraisa?
(c) What does the Tana say about a Ger who brought one of the birds in the morning?
(a) What is the Ger's minimum obligation, should he decide to bring a Korban Beheimah?
(b) And what does the Tana say about a Ger who brings ...
1. ... a Minchah and a Shelamim?
2. ... an Olah and Shelamim? Why is it necessary to mention this?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Sh'lach-l'cha (regarding the Korban of a Ger) "Ka'asher Ta'asu Kein Ya'aseh"? What does "Ka'asher Ta'asu" refer to?
(d) What does Rav Papa say to explain why a Ger is not Chayav to bring a Shelamim together with his Olah, like Yisrael at Sinai?
(e) What do we then learn from the word there ...
1. ... "la'Hashem" (in the Pasuk there "Isheh Re'ach Nicho'ach la'Hashem")?
2. ... "Kein"?