prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) Our Mishnah lists the thirty-six cases of Chayvei Kareis, on the assumption that there was no warning. What possible punishments might he be subject to if there was?
(b) Why does Rebbi include K'risus in Kodshim (see Shitah Mekubetzes 1)?
(c) Of the nineteen K'risos connected with the Parshah of Arayos, why does the Tana begin specifically with someone who has relations with his mother, father's wife, daughter-in-law, a male, an animal, and a woman who has relations with a male animal. What do they all have in common?
(d) This is followed by 'Ishah u'Bitah'. Which two cases of incest does this incorporate, besides one's daughter, daughter's daughter and son's daughter, mother-in law, mother-in-law's mother and father-in-law's mother?
(a) The Tana then lists adultery with a married woman and incest with one's sister. What are the other three cases of sister that he lists?
(b) Why does the Mishnah omit Achi Imo and Eim Eim Chamoso from the list of incest?
(c) The last case of Arayos that the Tana mentions is that of Nidah. Besides one's brother's wife, who else's wife does he include?
(a) The Tana then lists Megadef. What is 'Megadef'?
(b) And he follows with Oveid Avodas-Kochavim, Nosein mi'Zar'o la'Molech, Ba'al Ov and Mechalel Shabbos. What do all of these have in common?
(c) A Tamei person is Chayav Kareis for eating Kodesh. What else is he Chayav Kareis for?
(d) The Tana then lists four Chayvei Kareis in connection with eating (besides eating Chametz on Pesach). The first three are Cheilev, Dam and Nosar. What is the fourth?
(a) There are two Kerisus connected with Korbanos outside the Azarah. One of them is Sh'chutei Chutz. What is the other?
(b) And which two Kerisus pertain to Yom Kipur?
(c) Besides making a replica of the Shemen ha'Mishchah, which other Kareis does the Tana list in connection with Shemen ha'Mishchah?
(d) What else will one receive Kareis for, if one makes a replica of it?
(a) What two things must the Torah mention for there to be Kareis?
(b) What are the two exceptions to the rule?
(c) Why is that?
(d) The source for Chayvei Kareis bringing a Chatas be'Shogeg is the Pasuk in Korach "ve'Hikrivah Eiz bas Shenasah" (and we learn all the other Chayvei Kareis from it with a 'Binyan Av'). In which connection is this Pasuk written?
(e) What is the definition of ...
1. ... Kareis?
2. ... Shogeg?
(a) Under which circumstances is one Chayav an Asham Taluy for all of the above cases (besides Pesach and Milah)?
(b) On what grounds does Rebbi Meir preclude a Tamei Mikdash ve'Kodashav from Asham Taluy?
(c) Based on the Pasuk in Korach "Torah Achas Yih'yeh lachem la'Oseh bi'Shegagah", which of the above cases do the Chachamim add to that?
(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan explain the need of the Tana both here and in Shabbos to specifically state that there are thirty-six K'risos (and thirty-nine Melachos), seeing as we are perfectly capable of counting the cases ourselves)?
(b) To explain why the Tana need in the second Perek sees fit to state ...
1. ... 'Arba'ah Mechusrei Kaparah', we cite Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov. What does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov say with regard to a Ger? How does that explain the Mishnah?
2. ... Arba'ah Mevi'in al ha'Zadon ki'Shegagah', we cite Rebbi Shimon. What does Rebbi Shimon say about Shevu'as ha'Pikadon (one of the four cases listed by the Tana Kama)?
(c) How do we know that 'four' comes to preclude, and is not 'La'av Davka'?
(a) We ascribe the Tana's need there to state 'Chamishah Mevi'in Korban Echad al Aveiros Harbeh' to the fact that one of the cases is a Nazir who became Tamei a number of times before his Nezirus terminated, and we establish it where he became Tamei twice on the seventh day, according to Rebbi Yossi bar Yehudah. What is the significance of the seventh day?
(b) Why does the Tana need to present a case where the Nazir became Tamei twice on the seventh day?
(c) Why must the Tum'ah have taken place on the seventh day, and not before?
(a) Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah holds that the Nezirus Taharah begins on the seventh day. What does Rebbi say?
(b) According to Rebbi, the words "ba'Yom ha'Hu" (in the Pasuk in Naso "ve'Kidesh es Rosho (a reference to the commencement of the Nezirus Taharah) ba'Yom ha'Hu") refers to the day that he brings his Korban (the eighth day. What does it refer to according to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah?
(c) How will we now explain the Mishnah according to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Yehudah?
(d) What would be the problem with establishing the Mishnah according to Rebbi, assuming that the subsequent Tum'os took place on ...
1. ... the seventh day?
2. ... the eighth day?
(e) How does this explain the Tana's need to state that there are five cases ... ?
(a) The Mishnah there 'Chamishah Mevi'in Korban Olah ve'Yored' comes to preclude the opinion of Rebbi Eliezer. What does Rebbi Eliezer say about the Korban of a Nasi regarding Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kodashav?
(b) Why can the author of the Mishnah then not be Rebbi Eliezer?
(c) It must therefore be either Rebbi Yossi ha'Gelili or Rebbi Akiva. According to Rebbi Yossi ha'Gelili, a Nasi is Patur altogether for Tum'as Mikdash ve'Kodashav. What does Rebbi Akiva say?
(d) The Mishnah in Bava Kama states that there are four Avos Nezikin, to preclude from the thirteen of Rebbi Oshaya. Whose opinion does it come to preclude according to Rebbi Oshaya (who is an Amora, and who cannot therefore argue with a Mishnah)?
(e) According to Rebbi Chiya (who is an Amora too) the Mishnah comes to preclude Masur (who divulges to Nochrim where money belonging to Jews is hidden) and Mefagel (a Kohen who renders Pigul the Korban of a Yisrael with his words). Why does the Tana preclude them? What does he preclude them from?
(a) We cited Rebbi Yochanan, who extrapolates from our Mishnah that if one transgressed all the K'risos in one He'elam, he is Chayav thirty-four Chata'os. How do we learn this from Kareis by Achoso (from the Pasuk in Kedoshim "ve'Ish asher Yikach es Achoso ... ve'Nichresu")?
(b) On what basis do we initially reject Rav Bibi bar Abaye's Kashya that this should be confined to Achoso, on whom one will always be Chayav independently, but not to all other K'risos? Of which principle was Rav Bibi bar Abaye apparently unaware?
(c) And we learn it from the Pasuk in Tzav "ve'ha'Nefesh asher Tochal Basar ... ve'Nichresah". What do we learn from the fact that Shelamim have already been included in Kodshim in other regards?
(d) What does it nevertheless preclude?
(a) In fact, Rav Bibi bar Abaye was well aware of the principle 'Kol Davar she'Hayah bi'Chelal ... '. Which case did he then think that the very example of 'Achoso' comes to preclude (from being be'He'elam Echad with other cases of Chatas)?
(b) To counter that, Rebbi Yonah (or Rav Huna b'rei de'Rav Yehoshua) cites the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Ki Kol asher Ya'aseh mi'Kol ha'To'eivos ha'Eileh ve'Nichr'su". What does he learn from there?
(c) Rebbi Yitzchak learns from the Hekesh of Rebbi Yonah that all the Arayos, like Achoso, are Chayav Kareis and not Malkos. What problem does this create?
(d) What does he therefore learn from the words "ve'el Ishah" (in the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "ve'el Ishah be'Nidas Tum'asah Lo Yikrav")?
(a) We conclude that the Rabbanan also learn 'Lechalek al Kol Ishah ve'Ishah' from "ve'el Ishah". What objection do we raise to the suggestion that they learn from Kareis of Achoso that if someone committed incest with Achoso, Achos Aviv and Achos Imo, he is Chayav three Chata'os?
(b) So we establish it by Achoso who is also Achos Aviv and Achos Imo (and which involves only one body). How is this possible?
(c) Rebbi Yitzchak learns Achoso who is also Achos Aviv and Achos Imo from the second "Achoso" (in the Pasuk in Kedoshim "Eras Achoso Gilah"); whereas the Rabbanan learn from there 'Achoso she'Hi bas Aviv u'Bas Imo'. Why do we need a Pasuk for that?
(d) Rebbi Yitzchak might hold 'Onshin min ha'Din'. On what grounds might he hold that Achoso who is bas Aviv and bas Imo is Chayav even if he holds 'Ein Onshin min ha'Din'?
(e) What do we learn from the words in the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "Achoscha Hi" (which follow "Ervas bas Avicha O bas Imecha")?