Mishnah 1
Hear the Mishnah

1)

(a)On what condition does the Tana rule that if a man throws a Get into his wife's house or Chatzer she is divorced?

(b)How does he learn from the Lashon of the Pasuk "Venasan be'Yadah" that he is not actually obligated to hand it directly to her?

1)

(a)The Tana rules that if a man throws a Get into his wife's house or Chatzer (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 've'Hi ...') she is divorced - provided she is standing beside (or in) the house or the Chatzer (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Harei Zu Megureshes'.

(b)He learns that he is not actually obligated to hand it directly to her from the fact that - the Torah writes "Venasan be'Yadah", and not "u've'Yadah Titnenah".

2)

(a)What if he throws her the Get into his house or Chatzer?

(b)Will it make a difference if he tosses it into the bed where she is resting (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Afilu Hu Imah ... ')?

(c)On what condition will she be divorced even though the house belongs to him?

(d)Why does the fact that the location of her bosom or basket belongs to him not prevent the Get from taking effect?

2)

(a)If he throws it to her into *his* house or Chatzer - she is not divorced ...

(b)... even if he tosses it into the bed where she is resting (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Afilu Hu Imah ... ') ...

(c)... unless he tosses it into her bosom or basket.

(d)The fact that the location of her bosom or basket belongs to him does not prevent the Get from taking effect - since a man tends not to mind if his wife uses it for her needs.

Mishnah 2
Hear the Mishnah

3)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a man ...

1. ... who hands his wife a Get and tells her that it is actually a document of debt, but when she reads it (in this case and the next) she discovers that it is a Get?

2. ... who bends down and his wife simply finds the Get on his back after he bends down in front of her?

(b)What must he say (in both of the current cases) for the Get to be valid?

(c)Why will she not be divorced if, in the previous case, he did not bend down or if he told his wife to pick up the Get from the floor?

3)

(a)The Mishnah rules that if a man ...

1. ... hands his wife a Get (See Tos. Yom-Tov) and tells her that it is actually a document of debt, but when she reads it (in this case and the next) she discovers that it is a Get, or if he ...

2. ... bends down and his wife simply finds the Get on his back after he bends down in front of her - she is not divorced ...

(b)... untless he declares - 'Hei Gitech!' (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)The reason that she will not be divorced if, in the previous case, he did not bend down or if he told his wife to pick up the Get from the floor is - because, due to the Pasuk "Venasan be'Yadah", for the Get to take effect, the husband must perform an act that is considered a Nesinah.

4)

(a)If he places a Get into his wife's hand whilst she is asleep, on what condition will she be divorced, even though she wakes up and reads it through?

(b)And on what condition does the Tana declare her divorced if he throws her a Get in the street?

(c)What additional condition is required?

(d)What if the Get lands in the middle?

(e)Bearing in mind the two requirements, how do we define ...

1. ... 'Karov lah'?

2. ... 'Karov lo'?

3. ... 'Mechitzah al Mechtzah'?

4)

(a)If the man places a Get into his wife's hand whilst she is asleep and she wakes up and reads it through, she will be divorced - provided he then says to her 'Harei Zeh Gitech!' (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Nasanbe'Yadah' & 'Eino Get ... ').

(b)If he throws her a Get in the street, the Tana declares her divorced - provided it is closer to her than it is to him ...

(c)... and she is able to guard it.

(d)If the Get lands in the middle - the Mishnah rules 'Megureshes ve'Einah Megureshes'.

(e)Bearing in mind the two requirements, the definition of ...

1. ... 'Karov lah' is - where she is able to guard it but he is not (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

2. ... 'Karov lo' is - where he is able to guard it but not her.

3. ... 'Mechtzah al Mechtzah' is - where either both of them or neither of them can guard it.

Mishnah 3
Hear the Mishnah

5)

(a)What does the Tana mean when he says 've'Chein le'Inyan Kidushin'?

(b)The Mishnah continues 've'Chein le'Inyan Chov'. What is the case?

(c)What three possibilities does the Tana present?

(d)What did the Malveh say to the Loveh?

(e)What if he says 'Toss me what you owe me, and be Patur!'?

5)

(a)When the Tana says 've'Chein le'Inyan Kidushin', he means that - the same three rulings will apply to where a man tosses a Sh'tar Kidushin to a woman in the street (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)The Mishnah continues 've'Chein le'Inyan Chov' - where the creditor and the debtor are standing in the street, and where the former asks the latter to throw him what he owes him.

(c)The three possibilities the Tana presents are - where the Sh'tar lands closer to the creditor, in which case, the debtor is absolved from further liability; where it lands closer to the debtor, in which case he remains liable, and where it lands half-way, in which case the debtor remains obligated to pay half (should anything happen to the money.

(d)The Malveh said to the Loveh - 'Toss me what you owe me according to the Din of Gitin!' (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(e)If he says 'Toss me what you owe me and be Patur!' - the debtor will be Patur in any case (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

6)

(a)If a man throws a Get to his wife when she is standing on the roof, at which point is she divorced?

(b)What if he is standing on the roof and she is standing below?

(c)What are the ramifications of this ruling?

(d)In which case will she not be divorced even if it got burned after reaching the air of the Chatzer below?

(e)Why is that?

6)

(a)If a man throws a Get to his wife when she is standing on the roof (See Tos. Yom-Tov), she is divorced - when it reaches the air of the roof and drops to within three Tefachim of the ground.

(b)If he is standing on the roof and she is standing below (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - she is divorced as soon as the Get leaves the domain of the roof and enters that of the courtyard (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(c)The ramifications of these rulings (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Nimchak O Nisraf') are - whether she is divorced should the writing on the Get become erased (See Tos. Yom-Tov) or should the Get become burned before it reaches the woman.

(d)She will not be divorced even if it got burned after reaching the air of the Chatzer below - if the fire was burning before he threw the Get ...

(e)... because then the Get stands to be burned, and is therefore ineffective.

Mishnah 4
Hear the Mishnah

7)

(a)What is a 'Get Yashan'?

(b)What do Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel respectively, hold with regard to a Get Yashan?

(c)What is Beis Hillel's reason?

(d)What is the Halachah?

7)

(a)A 'Get Yashan' is - where the husband was secluded with his wife after writing it (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 've'Eizehu Get Yashan').

(b)Beis Shamai - permit a man to divorce his wife with a Get Yashan, Beis Hillel - forbid it ...

(c)... in case they have a baby a long time before he gives her the Get, and, judging by the date on the Get, people think that the baby was born after the Get was given (See Tos. Yom-Tov), thereby giving the baby a bad name.

(d)The Halachah is that - a man may not divorce his wife with a Get Yashan, but that, if he did, and then went overseas, she is permitted to remarry Lechatchilah (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 've'Eizehu Get Yashan').

Mishnah 5
Hear the Mishnah

8)

(a)Why does one need to insert in the Get the name of the country in which the Get is being written?

(b)The Mishnah invalidates a Get that mentions Malchus she'Einah Hogenes, Malchus Madai or Malchus Yavan. To which country does Malchus she'Einah Hogenes apply?

(c)Why is Rome called by that name?

(d)Why are all of these Pasul?

8)

(a)One needs to insert in the Get the name of the country in which the Get is being written - because of Shalom Malchus (that they should realize how important we consider them).

(b)The Mishnah invalidates a Get that mentions Malchus she'Einah Hogenes - Rome, Malchus Madai or Malchus Yavan.

(c)Rome is called by that name - because its script and language are not its own (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(d)All of these are Pasul - because the Tana is speaking where the Get was written, for example, in Bavel, a country over which the above three Malchuyos have no jurisdiction (in accordance with what we explained in a.).

9)

(a)What if he writes ...

1. ... the date according to the year in which the Beis-ha'Mikdash was built or destroyed?

2. ... in the east when he was in the west or vice-versa (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)If the woman marries with any of the above Gitin, she must leave both husbands. Why does she need a Get from the second man, seeing as her marriage to him is invalid? What will people think?

(c)So what if they do?

9)

(a)If he writes ...

1. ... the date according to the year in which the Beis-ha'Mikdash was built (See Tos. Yom-Tov) or destroyed (See Tos. Yom-Tov) or ...

2. ... in the east when he was in the west or vice-versa (See Tos. Yom-Tov) - the Get is Pasul, too.

(b)If the woman marries with any of the above Gitin, she must leave both husbands. She needs a Get from the second husband, despite the fact that their marriage is invalid - because we are afraid that when people see that her 'first' husband is still alive, they will think that he must have divorced her, in which case her marriage to the second one is valid ...

(c)... and if she now leaves him without a Get - it looks as if a married woman is going out without a Get.

10)

(a)What does the Tana say about her ...

1. ... Kesubah and Peiros?

2. ... Mezonos and Bela'os (worn-out clothes [See Tiferes Yisrael) ?

(b)What if she claimed any of these from either of the two men?

(c)And what does he say about the status of a child that she bears from either man?

(d)The author of this Mishnah is Rebbi Meir. What does Rebbi Meir say about anyone who changes whatever the Chachamim say with regard to Gitin?

(e)What is the Halachah?

10)

(a)The Tana rules - that she loses her ...

1. ... Kesubah and Peiros ...

2. ... Mezonos and Bela'os (worn-out clothes [See Tiferes Yisrael), and that ...

(b)... should she claim any of these from either of the two men - she is obligated to return them.

(c)He also declares a child that she bears from either man - a Mamzer (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'Teitzei mi'Zeh u'mi'Zeh') ...

(d)The author of this Mishnah is Rebbi Meir, who says that if anyone changes whatever the Chachamim say with regard to Gitin - any children from a subsequent marriage are Mamzerim.

(e)The Halachah however, is -that they are Kasher.

11)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about ...

1. ... the obligation to bury her when she dies?

2. ... objects that she finds and work that she produces, that normally go to the husband?

3. ... annulling her Nedarim?

(b)What does she lose if she is a bas ...

1. ... Yisrael?

2. ... Levi?

3. ... Kohen?

(c)What is the Tana referring to when he says that neither of the sets of heirs inherit her Kesubah (See Tiferes Yisrael)?

(d)In the event that either man dies, what does the Mishnah obligate his brother to do?

11)

(a)The Mishnah rules that neither husband ...

1. ... is obligated to bury her when she dies.

2. ... receives objects that she finds and work that she produces (even though they normally go to the husband).

3. ... may annul her Nedarim.

(b)If she is a bas ...

1. ... Yisrael - she loses the right to marry a Kohen (since she has the status of a Zonah.

2. ... Levi - she loses the right to eat Ma'aser (according to Rebbi Meir, as we learned in the previous Perek), and if she is a bas ...

3. ... Kohen - she loses the right to eat Terumah.

(c)When the Tana says that neither of the sets of heirs inherit her Kesubah, he is referring to - 'Kesubas B'nin Dichrin' (the clause in the Kesubah that enables the children that she has from her husband to inherit her Kesubah.

(d)In the event that either man dies, the Mishnah obligates his brother to do Chalitzah (but not Yibum).

12)

(a)What if the Sofer changed the name of either ...

1. ... the husband or the wife (See Tos.Yom-Tov)?

2. ... the town in which either the husband or the wife reside?

(b)What about all the stringencies listed above?

12)

(a)If the Sofer changed the name of either ...

1. ... the husband or the wife (See Tos.Yom-Tov) or ...

2. ... the town in which either the husband or the wife reside - she must leave both husbands ...

(b)... and all the stringencies listed above apply to her too.

Mishnah 6
Hear the Mishnah

13)

(a)How many cases are there where one wife is forbidden to marry one of the Arayos and her Tzarah (rival wife) is permitted to remarry without performing Chalitzah.

(b)The Tana now discusses where the Tzaros took advantage of this ruling, and where the Arayos are subsequently found to be Ayloniyos. What is now the problem?

(c)What does the Mishnah rule with regard to the Tzarah?

(d)The author of the Mishnah is Rebbi Akiva. What does Rebbi Akiva say?

(e)What is the Halachah?

13)

(a)There are fifteen cases (listed at the beginning of Yevamos) where one wife is forbidden to marry one of the Arayos and her Tzarah (rival wife) is permitted to remarry without performing Chalitzah.

(b)The Tana now discusses where the Tzaros took advantage of this ruling, and where the Arayos are subsequently found to be Ayloniyos. The problem is that - it now transpires that the Kidushin of the first wives are Bateil, and the Tzaros remain Yevamos la'Shuk (who transgress a La'av when they remarry without having performed Chalitzah).

(c)The Mishnah rules that - the Tzarah is obligated to leave her second husband and that all the stringencies listed above apply to her as well.

(d)The author of the Mishnah is Rebbi Akiva, who holds - 'Yesh Mamzer me'Chayvei La'avin.

(e)The Halachah however is - that there is no Mamzer from Chayvei La'avin, only from Chayvei Kareis [See Tos. Yom-Tov]).

Mishnah 7
Hear the Mishnah

14)

(a)What if after Rachel performs Yibum and Le'ah (her Tzarah) gets married, they discover that Rachel is an Aylonis?

14)

(a)If, after Rachel performs Yibum and Le'ah (her Tzarah) gets married, they discover that Rachel is an Aylonis - Le'ah must leave both her husband and the Yavam, and she too, is subject to all the stringencies listed earlier (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

Mishnah 8
Hear the Mishnah

15)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses a case where the Sofer writes a Get to give to the man and a receipt to give to the woman. What error does he then make?

(b)What happened next?

(c)How does the Rambam explain the error?

(d)Either way, what does the Tana Kama say happens to the woman, if the error is discovered after she remarries?

15)

(a)The Mishnah now discusses a case where the Sofer writes a Get to give to the man and a receipt to give to the woman, but he errs - and gives the Get to the woman and the receipt to the man ...

(b)Which they promptly exchange.

(c)According to the Rambam (whose explanation is a Dochek) - he thought that he gave the Get to the man and the receipt to the woman but he switched them.

(d)The Tana Kama rules that once again - assuming the error is discovered after she remarries -all the earlier stringencies apply to the woman,

16)

(a)What does Rebbi Eliezer say in a case where the error is discovered ...

1. ... immediately?

2. ... only after the woman remarried?

(b)What is Rebbi Eliezer's reason? What does he suspect they may have done?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

16)

(a)Rebbi Eliezer rules in a case where the error is discovered ...

1. ... immediately that - the Get is Bateil.

2. ... only after the woman remarried - that the first husband is not believed to invalidate the Get ...

(b)... because we suspect he and his wife of collusion

(c)The Halachah is - like Rebbi Eliezer.

17)

(a)What do Beis Shamai say about a woman whose husband writes her a Get, and changes his mind before giving it to her?

(b)What do Beis Hillel say about ...

1. ... that?

2. ... a case where he actually gave a Get, but with a condition that was not fulfilled?

17)

(a)Beis Shamai rule that a woman whose husband writes her a Get, and changes his mind before giving it to her -is disqualified from the Kehunah (See Tos. Yom-Tov).

(b)According to Beis Hillel ...

1. ... not only is *she* permitted to marry a Kohen, but even ...

2. ... a woman whose husband actually gave her a Get, but with a condition that was not fulfilled, is permitted to do so.

Mishnah 9
Hear the Mishnah

18)

(a)Beis Shamai rule that if a man stays alone with his wife in an inn (Yichud) after giving her a Get, he does not need to give her another one. How do we know that they were alone together in the inn?

(b)What do Beis Hillel say?

(c)Their Machlokes hinges around two principles; one of them concerns Eidei Yichud. What do Beis Hillel say about Eidei Yichud?

(d)On what principle is this ased?

(e)Having established that they were intimate, what other principle do Beis Hillel hold that explains why a second Get is necessary

18)

(a)Beis Shamai rule that if - two witnesses testify that a man stays alone with his wife in an inn (Yichud) after giving her a Get he does not need to give her another one.

(b)According to Beis Hillel - he does.

(c)Their Machlokes hinges around two principles; one of them concerns Eidei Yichud - which according to Beis Hillel - also constitute Eidei Bi'ah (proof that they were intimate ....

(d)... based on the principle 'Hein Hein Eidei Yichud, Hein Hein Eidei Bi'ah'.

(e)Having established that they were intimate, Beis Hillel also hold that - a man does not perform a Bi'as Z'nus (an immoral act) if he can avoid it. In other words, his Bi'ah was for the sake of Kidushin and they are betrothed (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 'u'Beis Hillel Omrim'), and a second Get is therefore necessary.

19)

(a)The Mishnah confines the above Machlokes to where they were initially married. What would be the Din if they were only betrothed?

(b)Why is that?

19)

(a)The Mishnah confines the above Machlokes to where they were initially married. If they were only betrothed - then Beis Hillel would concede that no second Get is necessary ...

(b)... since a man is not so familiar with his betrothed, and the principle 'Hein Hein Eidei Yichud, Hein Hein Eidei Bi'ah' is therefore not applicable.

20)

(a)A Get Mekushar is one with many folds and knots, each knot requiring a witness to sign at the back of it. This makes writing it complicated and lengthy. On whose behalf did the Chachamim institute it?

(b)Why?

(c)What did they now gain by instituting a Get Mekushar?

(d)What is then a Get Kere'ach?

20)

(a)A Get Mekushar is one with many folds and knots, each knot requiring a witness to sign at the back of it. This makes writing it complicated and lengthy. The Chachamim instituted it - on behalf of Kohanim ...

(b)... who tend to get angry quickly, and later regret what they did in their anger.

(c)So they instituted the Get Mekushar - thereby giving the Kohanim a chance to calm down and retract by the time the Get has been written.

(d)A Get Kere'ach - is one which has more knots than witnesses.

21)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about a woman who marries after receiving a Get Kere'ach?

(b)Why is that?

(c)Who is the author of this ruling?

(d)What is the Halachah?

21)

(a)The Mishnah rules that a woman who marries after receiving a Get Kere'ach - must leave both husbands, and is subject to all the Chumros that we learned above ...

(b)... because we are afraid that the husband actually appointed a Shali'ach for each knot and required them all to sign.

(c)Once again, the author of this ruling is - Rebbi Meir, who says that if someone changes anything that Chazal initiated with regard to Gitin - the children who are subsequently born are Mamzerim.

(d)The Halachah however, is - not like Rebbi Meir.

Mishnah 10
Hear the Mishnah

22)

(a)ben Azai considers anyone eligible to add his signature to a Get Kere'ach (to render it subject to the previous ruling. Besides an Eved Cana'ani, whom does this come to include?

(b)What does Rebbi Akiva say?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

(d)What is the final statement in the Mishnah?

22)

(a)ben Azai considers anyone eligible to add his signature to a Get Kere'ach (to render it subject to the previous ruling). Besides an Eved Cana'ani, this comes to include - anyone who is Pasul le'Eidus on account of a sin that he performed.

(b)According to Rebbi Akiva - only relatives who are eligible to testify for somebody else are eligible to add their signatures to a Get Kere'ach.

(c)The Halachah is - like ben Azai.

(d)The final statement in the Mishnah is - 've'Eizehu Get Kere'ach? Kol she'Kesharav Merubin me'Eidav'.

D.A.F. TALMUD RESOURCES
FOR MASECHES GITIN