hebrew
1)

What is this Pasuk coming to teach us that we cannot learn from the previous Pasuk (See Rashi there)?

1.

Rashi #1: It teaches us that the prohibition is confined to treating the crops as an owner, but does not extend to eating them. 1

2.

Rashi #2 (in Yoma, 86b and in Rosh Hashanah, 22a): It teaches us that one may eat Shemitah produce, but not waste it or commercialize it.


1

Provided one declares them Hefker. See Sifsei Chachamim.

2)

What are the implications of the words "Shabbas ha'Aretz"?

1.

Rashi: They imply that one may only eat from what is Hefker, 1 but not from what is guarded.

2.

Ramban: The repose of the land mentioned earlier 2 , or the produce of the Shabbos year, shall be for you all as livelihood, for you, your servants, your animals and your Chayos.


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

2

Ramban: In Pasuk 4 - "Shabbas Shabason Yih'yeh la'Aretz".

3)

Why does the Torah see fit to include the owner in the list?

1.

Rashi: To teach us that the Heter to eat Shemitah produce extends to the wealthy owner. 1


1

Otherwise, having stated in Shemos 23:11 "ve'Achlyu Evyonei Amecha", we would have thought that only the poor are allowed to eat it (See Sifsei Chachamim).

4)

And who is meant by "Sechircha" and "Toshavcha"?

1.

Rashi: They refer to two kinds of hired workers who are Nochrim. 1


1

See Sifsei Chachamim.

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