hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of "Ger ve'Toshav"?

1.

Rashi (citing Targum Onkelos) and Targum Yonasan: It means 'a Nochri who sojourns with you'. 1


1

"Ger cannot refer to a Ger Tzedek, as it did in Pasuk 35 (Refer to 25:35:3:1), since the Pesukim that follow indicate that the Torah is speaking about a Nochri who worships idols (Nachlas Ya'akov).

2)

Why does the Torah insert the word "Imach"?

1.

Rashi: This implies that the Nochri became rich because he joined forces with you.

3)

And why does the Torah add the word "Imo"?

1.

Rashi: It implies that you became poor because you joined forces with the Nochri.

2.

Ramban: 'Your brother became poor because the Ger became wealthy with us'.

4)

If Mishpachas Ger refers to the Nochri family of the Ger Toshav (or of the Nochri - See Ramban), what does "Eiker" mean?

1.

Rashi, Ramban #1 (citing the Toras Kohanim) and Targum Yonasan: "Eiker" 1 means the Avodah-Zarah, to which you were ultimately sold, in order to serve it - by chopping wood and drawing water for its service. 2

2.

Seforno: It means a Nochri who has moved to a country that is far away from yours. 3

3.

Ramban #2 (citing Targum Onkelos): It refers to a Nochri 4 who is an offspring of the above-mentioned Ger.


1

Ramban: So-called because one is Chayav to root it out ('La'akor Acharehah').

2

Refer to 25:48:4:1.

3

And "Eiker" is from the word 'Ne'ekar'.

4

Ramban: 'The Nochri himself, the offspring of the Ger) - as in Daniel, 4:12.

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