hebrew
1)

What is the difference between "Lechem Matzos" and "Chalos Matzos"?

1.

Rashi: In Pasuk 23, the Torah will refer to the 'Lechem Matzos' as Chalos "Lechem Shemen" 1 - because they contained as much oil as the Chalos and Rekikin combined. 2


1

The Gemara in Menachos (78b) calls them 'Revuchah' (scalded) - which it learns from the Chavitei Kohen Gadol (See Sifsei Chachamim). The three types of Matzah mentioned here are synonymous with the three kinds mentioned in Vayikra 8:26 (Rashbam). 2

They were also baked in an oven (Rashbam - See also Sifsei Chachamim).

2)

What is the difference between "Belulos ba'Shemen (in connection with the Chalos) and "Meshuchim ba'Shemen" (in connection with the wafers)?

1.

Rashi: They poured oil into the former and mixed it whilst it was still flour (before baking it), whereas they smeared oil on to the latter 1 after they were baked.


1

In the form of the Greek letter 'Xi', which resembles an X (Menachos, 4b).

3)

What did they do with the left-over oil?

1.

Sifsei Chachamim: According to one opinion, it was given to the Kohanim to 'eat'; according to others, they continued smearing it on the oil was finished.

4)

The Torah does not state how many loaves of each kind of Matzos there were?

1.

Rashi: Each of the three kinds of Matzah comprised ten loaves. 1


1

Which the Gemara in Menachos 76a, learns from the Lachmei Todah (See Sifsei Chachamim).

5)

What species of grain was used to make the various kinds of Matzah?

1.

Targum Yonasan: They used wheat-flour to make each of the three kinds of Matzah. 1


1

All Menachos were made of wheat-flour, with the exceptions of the Omer (on Pesach) and the Minchas Sotah, which comprised barley.

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