hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of "Gad Gedud Yegudenu"?

1.

Rashi, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: The regiments of Gad will proceed to fight with their brothers on the other (west) side of the Yarden. 1

2.

Ramban #1: Bands of brigands will frequently attack their land. 2

3.

Ramban #2: Ya'akov was referring to Yiftach ha'Gil'adi, whose territory included half of what had previously belonged to Amon, who consistently attempted to recapture it, until Yiftach defeated them in battle.


1

Of the River Arnon (Targum Yonasan).

2

Refer to 49:19:2:3. The Ramban supports this explanation with the Yerushalmi in Maseches Sotah (8:10).

2)

What does the second half of the Pasuk mean?

1.

Rashi: And they will all return (without losing a man) the way they came. 1

2.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: They will return to their land 2 with a lot of property (spoil).

3.

Ramban: 'And they will fearlessly attach them, repelling them and forcing them to flee back to their land in disgrace. 3


1

To the portion of land on the east side of the Yarden that they asked for and received.

2

Ya'akov is praising Gad for their strength, as Moshe will do in v'Zos ha'Berachah (33:20), where he refers to the vast expanse of land that they inherited, that was constantly under attack by Amon and Mo'av, their wicked neighbors. See also Rashi there.

3

See also Ba'al ha'Turim.

3)

רש"י: גדוד שם דבר צריך שני דלתי"ן: מה פרוש הדברים?

1.

גור אריה: 'שם דבר' הוא עצם הדבר ועיקרו, ולכן התיבה נאמרת בשלמות. לעומת זאת ה'פועל' איננו עיקר הדבר ולכן כתוב "יגודנו" בלי כפל הדל"ת.

4)

רש"י: וכשהוא מתפעל או מפעיל אחרים הוא כפול: למה הדבר כך?

1.

גור אריה: בבנין מפעיל או מתפעל יש ריבוי פעולה ולכן התיבה נאמרת בשלמות, אבל בפועל קל תבוא התיבה חסרה.

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