hebrew
1)

What Berachah did Ya'akov bless Yosef?

1.

Rashbam: He blessed him with the standard Berachah of a father to a son.

2.

Seforno: The Torah does not reveal the contents of the Berachah. 1

3.

Ramban: Based on the great love that he harbored Yosef, the Berachah that Ya'akov blessed Yosef's two sons is synonymous with the Berachah that he blessed him. 2

4.

Moshav Zekenim: "Yevarech" in the next verse refers to what came above (Yosef) and below (Es ha'Ne'arim).


1

What is of note however, is that this Berachah required neither seeing Yosef nor kissing or hugging, for it to take effect (Seforno).

2

Either because these were the only sons that he had or because all his other sons were incorporated into Efrayim and Menasheh (Refer to 48:6:1:1,3).

2)

What is the significance of the fact that Ya'akov called out to "the G-d of his fathers Avraham and Yitzchak and then to the G-d who sustained him ... "?

1.

Ramban: He was calling to the G-d of his father Avraham (who represented the Midah of Gedulah) and of his grandfather Yitzchak (who represented the Midah of Gevurah, and) who had always sustained 1 him (with the Midah of Emes), to bless Efrayim and Menasheh.

2.

Seforno: He was asking Hashem that the angel that had (constantly) redeemed him (in times of trouble) 2 should bless the boys 3 on the merit of his father and grandfather, who had always gone in His ways.


1

Or who always befriended him (from the root of the Pasuk in Mishlei, 27:10 "Re'acha v'Re'a Avicha Al Ta'azov" [Ramban]).

2

See next Pasuk.

3

In the event that they were not worthy of the Divine blessing directly.

3)

Why does it say "Asher His'halchu Avosai Lefanav"?

1.

Peninim mi'Shulchan ha'Gra: It is an attribute of Tzadikim - "Shivisi Hashem l'Negdi Tamid" (Rema, Reish Orach Chayim). 1


1

Ninveh was a great city to Hashem "Mehalech Sheloshes Yamim" - Rosh Chodesh Elul (the first warning), Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kipur. Their initial letters spell Ari - "a lion roared, who will not fear?!"

4)

Why is "ha'Elokim" repeated in the verse?

1.

Moshav Zekenim: Do not say that because Elokim is Midas ha'Din, it is not merciful. Rather, when His children do His will, Midas ha'Din is reversed to Midas ha'Rachamim.

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