hebrew
1)

What was the significance of the Angels (of destructions - Rashi) and the revolving sword that Hashem placed in front of Gan Eden?

1.

Rashi #1: To frighten Adam from ever re-entering the Garden again, so that he should not eat from the Eitz ha'Chayim.

2.

Rashi #2 (later, Bereishis 4:16): The angels and the sword were placed in the Land of Nod, to the east of the Garden, at the entrance of the road leading to Gan Eden.

3.

Seforno: Hashem placed them there before Adam left Gan Eden, 1 so that he should not pick fruit from the Eitz ha'Chayim on his way out. 2

4.

Targum Yonasan: Hashem blocked Adam's access to the fruit ha'Chayim, since it symbolized the everlasting reward for the study of Torah and the performing of Mitzvos, which, following his sin, would only fall due after death. In the event that he did not deserve it, he would be sent to Gehinom.

5.

Da'as Zekenim , Rosh: The revolving sword is Gehinom - it switches from hot to cold and from cold to hot, for Resha'im.


1

This implies that, once Adam left the Gan Eden, the guards were no longer necessary, Presumably, this is because Adam had no access to it.

2

This is problematic however, since the Eitz ha'Chayim was in the middle of the Garden (as stated above [Bereishis 2:9]), and the guards were placed in front of (or to the east side of) the Garden?

2)

From what was he expelled (va'Ygaresh)?

1.

Rosh: He was expelled from the gates (of Gan Eden).

2.

Rosh: He was expelled from afflictions, and due to him, the Mikdash was destroyed - va'Yagres be'Chatzatz Shinai.

3)

What are the Keruvim?

1.

Rosh: They are two angels in the form of oxen that plowed in Gan Eden.

4)

What is Lahat Cherev ha'Mis'hapeches?

1.

Rashi: It is the blade of a rotating sword.

2.

Rosh: It is Gehinom, which switches from hot to cold and vice-versa, for Resha'im.

5)

What is Derech Etz ha'Chayim? (Did anyone make a path to it?!)

1.

Vayikra Rabah (9): Derech Eretz existed 26 generations before the Torah. 1 "Derech" refers to Derech Eretz, and afterwards is Etz ha'Chayim, i.e. Torah.


1

Chachmah u'Musar (2 p.444): What is Derech Eretz, which preceded the Torah? It is to make the senses and powers of one's soul subservient to intellect.

6)

רש"י: במזרחו של גן עדן, חוץ לגן: מנין לפרש כך?

1.

גור אריה: מקדם פירושו בצד מזרח, וזה חוץ לגן שהרי לא כתוב 'מקדם בגן' אלא "מקדם לגן"

7)

רש"י: במזרחו של גן עדן: למה דוקא שם?

1.

מהר"ל (גבורות ה' פרק ע, עמ' שכב ד"ה ובפרק): צד מזרח נקרא קדם- התחלה, ולכן בעל תשובה מקומו במזרח, כי התשובה שייכת כאשר האדם שב לתחילתו שנברא בלא חטא. עיי"ש.

8)

רש"י: החרב המתהפכת- ולה להט: מה כוונת רש"י?

1.

גור אריה: כוונתו שלא השכין שם את הלהט שהרי להט אין בו ממש, אלא השכין את החרב שיש בה להט.

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