hebrew
1)

Why did Hashem bless the birds and the fish but not the plants and trees on the third day?

1.

Ramban: Because, whereas Hashem created only two of each species of animals (a male and a female), He filled the earth with plants and trees, and they did not require a blessing to increase. 1

2.

Rashi: The various species of animals required a Berachah because people hunted and trapped them (the Ramban also cites this Chazal). In that case, we can say that the plants and trees were not blessed because it was unnecessary.

3.

Seforno: Although he does not allude to the question on hand, he explains that the Berachah was necessary because, without it, the purpose of their creation would not be attained.


1

The Rashbam points out that every type of living creature received its own Berachah - fish, birds (See also 1:22:3:2).

2)

And why did He not bless the animals and beasts on the sixth day?

1.

Rashi: Because of the Chayos, which in turn, Hashem declined to bless because of the snake, which He knew would ultimately earn a curse.

2.

Ramban and Rashbam: The Berachah given to the birds and the fish extended to the animals as well. 1


1

Da'as Zekenim: Mules were created only later (Bereishis 36:24), therefore the Brachah did not apply to them, and they do not reproduce.

3)

And why did He not bless the animals and beasts on the sixth day?

1.

Rashi: Because of the Chayos, which in turn, Hashem declined to bless because of the snake, which He knew would ultimately earn a curse.

2.

Ramban and Rashbam: The Berachah given to the birds and the fish extended to the animals as well. 1


1

Da'as Zekenim: Mules were created only later (36:24), therefore the Brachah did not apply to them, and they do not reproduce.

4)

רש"י: לפי שמחסרין אותן: אם זו הסיבה, למה האדם נתברך, ולמה הפירות לא התברכו?

1.

גור אריה: האדם נתברך אף שאין צדים ממנו כי הוא בעל דעת ויכול לבחור שלא לפרות ולרבות. הפירות לא נתברכו אע"פ שמחסרים מהם כי הם מתרבים מאיליהם, ואילו בעלי החיים מחוסרי מעשה.

5)

רש"י: ואף החיות...לכך לא ברכן: אם לא נתברכו החיות כיצד הם מתקיימים?

1.

גור אריה: החיות נתברכו אחר המבול (להלן ט, ז), והנחש לא נכלל בזה כיון שהוא כבר נתקלל.

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