[99a - 22 lines; 99b - 30 lines]

***************GIRSA SECTION******************

We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any OTHER important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos

[1] Gemara 99b [line 23]:

The words "Sharya Nihalei" שריא ניהליה

should be "Sharya Nihali" שריא ניהלי


1)[line 1]"כֹּל אֲשֶׁר יִגַּע בִּבְשָׂרָהּ יִקְדָּשׁ ...""KOL ASHER YIGA BI'VESARAH YIKDASH ..."- "Any [food item] that touches its flesh [and absorbs from it] will be come sanctified ..." (Vayikra 6:20)

2)[line 9]מקום חתךMEKOM CHETACH- (lit. the place of the cut) the part of the Shelamim that was joined to the Zero'a

3)[line 13]המחמץHA'MECHAMETZ- one who leavens [a dough of Chulin by mixing it with sourdough of Terumah]

4)[line 13]מתבלMETABEL- [one who] spices [a pot of Chulin with spices of Terumah]

5)[line 13]מדמעMEDAME'A - [one who] mixes Terumah into Chulin

(a)Terumah only becomes Batel (canceled, annulled) if one part of Terumah falls into at least one hundred parts of Chulin. Even if the Terumah is Batel, it is forbidden for non-Kohanim to eat the entire mixture; the equivalent of the amount of Terumah that fell in must first be removed.

(b)If the percentage of Terumah that fell into the Chulin was greater than one in one hundred, the mixture is known as Meduma (lit. mixed) and is forbidden to be eaten by non-Kohanim.

(c)According to TOSFOS DH Ein, this law applies only if the Terumah was the same type of food as the Chulin; otherwise Terumah is Batel just like any other Isur.

6)[line 16]גריסיןGERISIN- pounded beans

7)[line 16]עדשיםADASHIM- lentils

8)[line 17]להעלות במאה ואחדL'HA'ALOS B'ME'AH V'ECHAD - to be annulled by a ratio of one hundred to one

See above, entry #4.


9)[line 3]שאורSE'OR- sourdough, a very heavily fermented dough that is mixed with fresh dough to cause it to rise

10)[line 11]דחימוצו קשהD'CHIMUTZO KASHEH- that its leavening power is very great, potent

11)[line 11]אדכרתןADKARTAN- you have reminded me

12)[line 13]צירTZIR- fish brine

13)[line 15]רביעית בסאתיםREVI'IS B'SASAYIM (DRY MEASURES)

(a)The following is a list of measures of volume used in the Mishnah and Gemara:

1.1 Kor (= 1 Chomer) = 30 Se'in

2.1 Lesech = 15 Se'in

3.1 Eifah = 3 Se'in

4.1 Se'ah = 6 Kabin

5.1 Tarkav (= Trei v'Kav, or 3 Kabin) = 12 Lugin

6.1 Kav = 4 Lugin

7.1 Log (= 1 Rova) = 4 Revi'iyos = 6 Beitzim

8.1 Beitzah = 2 or 3 k'Zeisim, according to the varying opinions

(b)In modern-day measures, the k'Zayis is approximately 0.025, 0.0288 or 0.05 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions. Thus, 1 Se'ah = 7.2, 8.29 or 14.4 liters, according to the various opinions; Sasayim = 14.4, 16.58 or 28.8 liters, depending upon the differing Halachic opinions.

14)[line 16]זיעה בעלמאZEI'A B'ALMA- merely moisture (and not considered to be the essence of the fish)

15)[line 18]ראשי לפתותROSHEI LEFATOS- (a) turnip greens or the tops of turnips (RASHI); (b) turnip roots (TOSFOS)

16)[line 20]אין בגידין בנותן טעםEIN B'GIDIN B'NOSEN TA'AM - nerves do not have a taste that they may transfer to other foods

(a)The Tana'im disagree if Gidin (the nerves) have a taste that they may transfer to meat when they are cooked together or not. A number of Halachos depend upon this question:

1.If the Gid ha'Nasheh, which is Asur b'Hana'ah, was cooked together with meat, is the meat prohibited or not? If Gidin do not transfer their taste to food, the meat is permitted (Chulin 99b).

2.Is the Gid ha'Nasheh of a non-Kosher or Hekdesh animal prohibited to be eaten only because it is a Gid ha'Nasheh, or also because it is not Kosher or Hekdesh? According to the Tana'im who rule that Ein b'Gidin b'Nosen Ta'am, the Gid is not considered like meat but rather like an inedible bone, to which the prohibitions of eating non-Kosher animals or being Hekdesh do not apply (Chulin 89b, 100b).

3.Is the Gid ha'Nasheh Mutar b'Hana'ah (is one permitted to derive benefit from it)? The Torah decrees that all meat of a Neveilah (an animal that is killed or dies without proper Halachic slaughter) is Mutar b'Hana'ah (Devarim 14:21). Included in the carcass of a Neveilah is the Gid ha'Nasheh, which, therefore, should also be Mutar b'Hana'ah. However, according to the Tana'im who rule Ein b'Gidin b'Nosen Ta'am, the Gid is not considered to be the meat of the Neveilah, rather, it is like its bones. Only the meat of a Neveilah is Mutar b'Hana'ah, and it follows accordingly that the Gid remains Asur b'Hana'ah (RASHI 22a, 23b).

17)[line 22]אבבאA'BAVA- at the gate

18)[line 26]משדר להוMESHADER LEHU- he would send them