prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) Our Mishnah rules that the Gaba'in who entered one's house, as well as thieves who returned vessels that they stole, are believed to say that they did not touch Kodesh. Who are the 'Gaba'in'? Why did they enter the house?
(b) Are they also believed if they say that they did not touch ...
1. ... Terumah?
2. ... Mei Chatas?
(c) The Beraisa declares everything in the house Tamei. How do we establish the Beraisa, to reconcile it with the Mishnah?
(d) What are the Gaba'in believed to say even in the case of the Beraisa?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar argue over the reason for the Din in the Beraisa. One of them explains that it is because the Gaba'in are afraid of the Nochri. What reason does the other one give?
(b) What is the difference between the two reasons?
(a) How does Rav Pinchas reconcile our Mishnah, which believes the thieves with regard to Kodesh, with the Beraisa, which declares Tamei wherever the thieves trod?
(b) Why is this answer really evident from the Lashon of our Mishnah?
(c) The Tana of the Beraisa, commenting on our Mishnah, explains that in Yerushalayim, an Am ha"Aretz is believed on large earthenware vessels with regard to Kodesh. How about small ones?
(d) The reason that Chazal were more lenient in Yerushalayim than anywhere else is because furnaces were forbidden in Yerushalayim, as we explained earlier. What special concession did they make regarding small vessels, but not large ones?
(e) Why is the reason for this?
(a) What does Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim "va'Ye'asef Kol Ish Yisrael el ha'Ir k'Ish Echad Chaverim"?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, permits a Chaver who opens a barrel of wine to sell on Yom Tov or starts selling his dough, to continue selling it after Yom Tov. What do the Chachamim say? Why is that?
(b) Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha were discussing whether, according to the Chachamim, after Yom Tov, the Chaver is permitted to leave the remainder of his barrel of wine or dough for the following Yom Tov and sell it then. What is the reason of the one who ...
1. ... permits it?
2. ... forbids it?
(c) One Beraisa says 'Yanichenah', another says 'Lo Yanichenah'. What problem do we initially have with this Machlokes?
(d) Like whom do we establish the latter Beraisa to avoid the problem?
(e) And who is then the author of the first Beraisa?
(a) After Yom Tov, says the Mishnah, the Kohanim would Tovel all the holy vessels, because they had been touched by Amei ha'Aretz, who are generally considered to be Tamei. Why, if the last day of Yom Tov fell on Thursday, would they not do this until after Shabbos?
(b) According to Rebbi Yehudah, they would not do it either if it fell on Wednesday. Why not?
(c) What would they warn the Kohanim Amei ha'Aretz, who entered the Heichal on Yom Tov to bow down to Hash-m (see Tosfos Amud 2 DH 'she'Lo')?
(a) How did they account for the possibility of the holy vessels becoming Tamei (and therefore temporarily unusable)?
(b) Which were the only two vessels in the Beis-Hamikdash that did not require Tevilah after contact with Tum'ah?
(c) According to Rebbi Eliezer, this was because they were considered joined to the ground. What do the Chachamim say?
(a) According to the Beraisa, they would warn the Kohanim not to touch the Shulchan or the Menorah. Why does our Mishnah omit the Menorah?
(b) What does the Tana of the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Terumah "v'es ha'Menorah Nochach ha'Shulchan"?
(c) Then how does our Mishnah (which does not learn the Hekesh) explain the Pasuk?
(a) Why do we initially contend that the Shulchan should not be subject to Tum'ah? What size Kli are we talking about?
(b) What does Resh Lakish learn from the Pasuk in Terumah (with regard to the placing of the Lechem ha'Panim) "al ha'Shulchan ha'Tahor"?
(c) What is the reason for that?
(d) What miracle were they demonstrating?
(a) The Tana Kama of a Beraisa says that if a table or a folding-chair breaks or is overlaid with marble, it remains Tamei, provided sufficient space to place cups remains on the part that is not broken or overlaid. What does Rebbi Yehudah say?
(b) What principle governs the opinions of both Tana'im?
(c) What do we learn from this Beraisa with regard to a vessel that is overlaid?
(d) That being the case, why do we need to say that the Shulchan was Tamei because they used to pick it up (as we explained earlier)? Why will it not suffice to say that it was subject to Tum'ah because it was overlaid with gold (which is a metal, and would therefore have been subject to Tum'ah, even if it had not been carried when it is full)?
(a) What distinction does Resh Lakish draw between valuable vessels and ordinary ones regarding the Din of Tzipuy Kelim?
(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan say?
(c) Is there any difference according to him, between whether one overlays the rim or not?
(d) According to Resh Lakish, how would we answer the Kashya that we just asked in the previous question (Why will it not suffice to say that it was subject to Tum'ah because it was overlaid with gold?)