prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) Beis Shamai in our Mishnah, permit bringing Shalmei Simchah on Yom Tov, but not Olos Re'iyah or even Shalmei Chagigah (See Tosfos DH 'Yom Tavo'ach' and Maharsha). What do Beis Hillel say?
(b) They also argue about Semichah. Beis Shamai forbid Semichah to be performed on the Olos Re'iyah that one brings; Beis Hillel require Semichah on both the Olos and the Shelamim. What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(c) What do Beis Shamai mean when they say that, when Shavu'os falls on Friday, the Yom Tavo'ach is on Sunday?
(d) What do Beis Hillel say?
(a) When do Beis Hillel concede to Beis Shamai that Yom Tavo'ach falls on Sunday?
(b) What does the Tana, mean when he forbids the Kohen Gadol to wear his Yom Tov clothes? Which clothes is he referring to? When does this ruling apply?
(c) What is the reason behind this Halachah?
(a) What does Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Oshaya learn (with regard to Tashlumin on Shavu'os) from the Pasuk in Re'eh "b'Chag ha'Matzos, uv'Chag ha'Shavu'os uv'Chag ha'Succos"?
(b) We initially suggest that we learn seven days of Tashlumin on Shavu'os from Pesach rather than eight days from Succos, because Shemini Atzeres is an independent Yom Tov. In how many respects is Shemini Atzeres independent?
(c) On what grounds do we reject this suggestion?
(d) Then on what basis do we learn Shavu'os from Pesach rather than from Succos?
(a) What is 'Pezer Keshev' the acronym of?
(a) In what regard do we learn Succos from Pesach (in the Pasuk "b'Chag ha'Matzos, uv'Chag ha'Shavuos uv'Chag ha'Sukos")?
(b) We learn Linah by Pesach from the Pasuk in Re'eh "u'Fanisa va'Boker v'Halachta l'Ohalecha". How do we know that the Torah is not referring to the morning of Yom Tov itself?
(c) How do we initially interpret the Mishnah, which writes with regard to Shavu'os which falls on Erev Shabbos 'Beis Hillel Omer, Ein Lah Yom Tavo'ach'? What problem does that raise?
(d) Then what does the Tana mean?
(a) We just explained that when Beis Hillel say 'Ein Lah Yom Tavo'ach', they mean that one is permitted to bring (even) the Olas Re'iyah on Yom Tov, and Beis Shamai forbid it. This appears to be exactly the same Machlokes as we learned at the beginning of our Mishnah. Having taught us ...
1. ... there that even the Olas Re'iyah is forbidden on Yom Tov, why did Beis Shamai find it necessary to repeat it here by Shavu'os that falls on Erev Shabbos?
2. ... here by Shavu'os that falls on Erev Shabbos that one is permitted to bring the Olas Re'iyah on Yom Tov, why did Beis Hillel find it necessary to repeat it by Yom Tov that falls on another day of the week?
(b) What does the Beraisa mean when it says 'Mi she'Lo Chag Shiv'as Yemei Pesach ... v'Yom Tov shel Atzeres, Shuv Eino Chogeg'?
(c) How does this pose a Kashya on Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Oshaya?
(d) How do we emend the wording of the Beraisa to answer the Kashya?
(a) In a Beraisa learned by Rabah bar Shmuel, the Torah compares Shavu'os to Rosh Chodesh with regard to the number of days on which one brings the Korbanos of the day. What does 'Maneh Yamim v'Kadesh Chodesh' mean? How many days does one therefore have on which to bring the Korban Musaf of Rosh Chodesh?
(b) How do we initially understand the Hekesh of Shavu'os to Rosh Chodesh? What problem does this create?
(c) Rava refutes that contention on the basis of Abaye's Derashah. What does Abaye learn from the Pasuk in Re'eh "Shiv'ah Shavu'os Tispar Lach"?
(d) On what grounds is it even more logical to consider the weeks of Shavu'os (and to therefore give a week of Tashlumin) rather than to give a day (like Rosh Chodesh, as we thought at first)?
(a) How does Rebbi Eliezer ben Yakov in a Beraisa learn Tashlumin on Shavu'os from the Pasuk in Emor "u'Kerasem ... uv'Kutzrechem"?
(b) How do we know that this is not speaking about Yom Tov itself?
(c) We now have two sources for Tashlumin. In fact, we need both. Why do we need ...
1. ... the Beraisa, seeing as we have Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Oshaya (the Hekesh of Shavu'os to Pesach)?
2. ... Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Oshaya, seeing as we have the Beraisa ("u'Kerasem ... uv'Kutzrechem")?