prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
CHAGIGAH 7 (26 Nisan) - dedicated by Mr. Avi Berger of Queens, N.Y./Passaic, N.J. in memory of his mother, Leah bas Michel Mordechai, in honor of her Yahrzeit.
(a) The Mishnah in Pe'ah includes Pe'ah, Bikurim and Ra'ayon among the things that have no Shi'ur. Which two items still need to be added to the list?
(b) This statement is confined to Din Torah. What minimum Shi'ur did the Rabanan fix for Pe'ah and Bikurim?
(c) What did Rebbi Yochanan initially maintain with regard to a silver Ma'ah, the Shi'ur of Ra'yon (stated in our Mishnah)?
(d) He retracted however, when he heard what Rebbi Oshaya (Berivi [the great man]) had to say? What did Rebbi Oshaya say about the Shi'ur of Ra'yon and Chagigah?
(a) According to Resh Lakish, Ra'yon means appearing in the Azarah with a Korban. What does Rebbi Yochanan say?
(b) What prompts Rebbi Yochanan to say that?
(c) In which case does Rebbi Yochanan agree with Resh Lakish?
(d) What does he say about bringing an Olas Re'iyah on the subsequent days of Yom Tov?
(e) Then in which point do Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish argue?
(a) How does Rebbi Yochanan establish the Pasuk in Mishpatim "v'Lo Yera'u Panai Reikam"?
(b) How does the Tana of the Beraisa know that the above Pasuk refers to ...
1. ... animals and not to birds and flour-offerings?
2. ... Olos and not Shelamim?
(c) Why is that the correct thing to do?
(a) What Derashah does the Tana of another Beraisa make from "Yera'eh" "Yir'eh" that disproves our original interpretation of Resh Lakish's opinion (that Ra'yon means appearing in the Azarah specifically with a Korban)?
(b) We now retract from our original interpretation of the Machlokes. In fact, even Resh Lakish agrees that someone who comes without an Olas Re'iyah still performs a Mitzvah. What then, is the Machlokes between Rebbi Yochanan and Resh Lakish?
(c) Resh Lakish explains the Pasuk in Mishlei "Hokar Raglecha mi'Beis Re'echa" (which seems to suggest that one should rather bring less Korbanos than more) like Levi. How does Levi resolve the apparent discrepancy between this Pasuk and the Pasuk in Tehilim "Avo Beisecha b'Olos"?
(d) Whom does the Beraisa support, Rebbi Yochanan or Resh Lakish?
(a) Rav Yosef initially explains the Beraisa, which says 've'Ein Nir'in la'Chatza'in' to mean that someone who has ten sons, should not bring five of them to the Azarah on one day of Yom Tov, and the other five on another day. What objection does Abaye raise to that?
(b) Abaye therefore establishes the Derashah like Acheirim. What does Acheirim learn from "Kol Zechurcha"?
(a) Our Mishnah writes that the Olas Re'iyah must be bought with Chulin money. Is this peculiar to the Olas Re'iyah?
(b) To which Shelamim is the Tana referring when he says 've'ha'Shelamim min ha'Ma'aser'?
(c) Beis Shamai require the Chagigah of the first day of Pesach to be purchased from Chulin money. What do Beis Hillel say?
(a) Which Korban is the Tana referring to when he permits a Yisrael to fulfill his obligation with Nedarim, Nedavos and with an animal of Ma'asar Behemah?
(b) And what does he say about a Kohen fulfilling his obligation with the Chata'os and Ashamos or the Chazeh v'Shok that they receive from a Yisrael?
(c) Is one Yotzei Simchah on Yom Tov ...
1. ... with the meat of birds?
2. ... with Menachos?
(a) What problem do we have with the Lashon of our Mishnah 'Olos b'Mo'ed Ba'os min ha'Chulin'?
(b) On what grounds do we refute the suggestion that the Tana says 'b'Mo'ed', because bringing Olos (even Olos Re'iyah) on Yom Tov is prohibited altogether?
(a) Which of the Korbanos discussed in this Perek do Beis Shamai permit on Yom Tov?
(b) What do they learn from the Pasuk ...
1. ... in Bo "Lachem"?
2. ... in Pinchas "b'Mo'ado"?
(c) Beis Shamai prohibit Semichah on Shalmei Chagigah and Simchah. Why is that?
(d) Beis Hillel permit all three Korbenos Yachid of Yom Tov to be brought on Yom Tov (but not Nedarim and Nedavos). In view of what we just said, why do they permit Semichah? Why could it not have been performed before Tom-Tov, like Beis Shamai?
(a) We answer the initial Kashya from 'Olos b'Mo'ed Ba'os min ha'Chulin' (implying that on Yom Tov, they can be purchased even with Ma'aser money) with the classical answer 'Chasurei Mechsera, v'Hachi ka'Tani'. According to the new text, which Korban can be brought ...
1. ... on Chol ha'Mo'ed (but forbidden on Yom Tov)?
2. ... even on Yom Tov, but only from Chulin?
3. ... on Yom Tov, even from Ma'aser money?
(b) Why does the Tana not permit some Ma'aser money to be mixed with Chulin money ('Toflin' [as we shall see later with regard to the Chagigah])?
(c) Beis Shamai maintain that one may only purchase the Chagigah of the fifteenth (the first day of Pesach) with Chulin money. What do Beis Hillel say?
(d) What does the Tana in another Beraisa say about all the above cases?
(a) What do we extrapolate from Beis Shamai in the previous Beraisa, who permits the Chagigah of the fifteenth to be purchased with Ma'aser money?
(b) What prompts us to make this inference?
(c) What does Rav Ashi learn from Beis Shamai's distinction between the Chagigah of the fifteenth and that of the fourteenth?
(d) Why us that?