prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) The Mishnah now lists the Chumros of Kodesh over T'rumah. What is one permitted to do when Toveling a number of vessels for T'rumah that is forbidden when Toveling for Kodesh?
(b) On what condition is it permitted?
(c) What is the reason for the Chumra by Kodshim?
(a) What does the Tana mean when he says 'Achorayim ve'Toch ... ba'Terumah Aval Lo ba'Kodesh'?
(b) To which kind of Tum'ah does the former Din pertain?
(a) The same applies to 'Beis ha'Tzevitah'. What is 'Beis ha'Tzevitah'?
(b) What is the source for this name in Megilas Rus?
(c) Another text reads 'u'Beis ha'Tzevi'ah'. Why is it called by that name?
(d) What does the Mishnah say about it?
(a) 'Someone who carries Medras (ha'Zav) may carry Terumah, but not Kodesh'. What is an example of Medras ha'Zav?
(b) How is it possible to do this without the T'rumah becoming Tamei?
(c) Why does the Tana forbid it by Kodesh? What happened to cause the Chachamim to enact this decree?
(d) Then why did they not extend it to T'rumah as well?
(a) What does the Mishnah repeat about 'Bigdei Ochlei T'rumah' that we already learned in the previous Perek?
(b) What must one do, when Toveling a knotted garment for Kodesh, that one does not need to do when Toveling a garment for T'rumah?
(c) The Tana adds 'u'Menagev'. What does he mean?
(d) Why is it necessary to untie it first?
(e) What if one Tovels the garment for T'rumah?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses vessels that have just been completed be'Taharah. How does one achieve this?
(b) What distinction does the Tana now draw between Kodesh and T'rumah regarding these vessels?
(c) If the Chaver was careful once the vessel neared completion, what is the reason for the Chumra regarding Kodesh?
(d) Why are we concerned about the spit of a Zav that fell on the vessel before it was finished?
(a) What does the Tana mean when he says 'ha'K'li Metzaref Mah she'be'Tocho la'Kodesh'?
(b) What is the case?
(c) How does he learn this from the Pasuk in Naso (in connection with the Korbanos brought by the Nesi'im) "Kaf Achas Asarah Zahav ... "?
(d) What is the equivalent Din with regard to pieces of T'rumah?
(a) What distinction does the Tana draw between the maximum level of Tum'ah regarding Kodesh and T'rumah?
(b) What can we extrapolate from the phrase 'ha'Revi'i ba'Kodesh Pasul'?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about one hand that became Tamei regarding ...
1. ... T'rumah?
2. ... Kodesh?
(b) Why does the entire body not become Tamei?
(c) What difference do we make in the case of Kodesh between where the hand that became Tamei is wet and where it is dry?
(d) Why does the Tana see fit to add 'because one hand is Metamei another by Kodesh ... ' (See Tos. Yom-Tov).
(a) What does the Mishnah mean when it says that one may eat dry food with Tamei hands by T'rumah?
(b) How did the T'rumah get into his mouth in the first place?
(c) Why must his hands be dry?
(a) On what grounds does the Tana forbid the same thing by Kodshim?
(b) Then why did he not issue the same decree by T'rumah?
(a) An Onein (See Tiferes Yisrael) and a Mechusar Kipurim require Tevilah for Kodesh but not for T'rumah. What is a 'Mechusar Kipurim'?
(b) On what condition is the Mishnah speaking?
(c) When does the Mechusar Kipurim need to Tovel?
(d) Why is this necessary, seeing as he is no longer Tamei?
(e) What additional Chumra does a Mechusar Kipurim have over an Onein in this regard?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses the Chumrah of T'rumah over Kodesh. To whom is the Tana referring when he says in connection with Kodesh, that one is believed in Yehudah with regard to the Taharah of wine and oil all the year round?
(b) What did the Am ha'Aretz prepare the wine and oil for?
(c) What does he now claim?
(a) Why does the Tana mentions specifically in Yehudah, and not in the rest of Eretz Yisrael?
(b) What has this got to do with wine for the Nesachim?
(c) Why is the Am ha'Aretz not believed all the year round regarding T'rumah?
(a) When is the Am ha'Aretz believed even regarding T'rumah?
(b) Why were the Chachamim more lenient then?
(c) What if the Am ha'Aretz gives a Kohen a barrel of wine as T'rumah after the 'Gitos' and 'Badim'?
(d) What is the owner then advised to do?
(a) Why is he believed if he says that he added Kodesh wine into the barrel (See Meleches Sh'lomoh)?
(b) How much Kodesh wine must he add to be believed?
(a) What are 'Kadei Yayin ve'Kadei Shemen ha'Meduma'os' (See Tiferes Yisrael)?
(b) Why would we have thought that the Am ha'Aretz is not believed on the barrels? What is the Din of barrels of T'rumah even during the period of 'Gitos and Badim'?
(c) Then why do the Chachamim believe the Am ha'Aretz with regard to ...
1. ... the barrels that contain Kodesh ...
2. ... the T'rumah?
(d) What is the reason for this concession?
(a) How long before the 'Gitos and Badim' is he believed?
(b) Why is that?
(a) The Mishnah believes a potter who is selling earthenware vessels from Modi'is (Modi'in) and inwards (See Tos. Yom-Tov DH 've'Lifenim' & DH 'min ha'Modi'is ve'la'Chutz') who claims that they are Tahor. What sort of vessels is he referring go?
(b) How far is Modi'is from Yerushalayim?
(c) What is the connection between this Mishnah and the previous ones (See Tos. Yom-Tov)?
(a) Why was the current Takanah necessary?
(b) On what principle is it based?
(c) Why could they not manufacture earthenware vessels in Yerushalayim itself?
(d) Why was that?
(a) What if the potter ...
1. ... came from outside Modi'is?
2. ... who was selling his pots inside of Modi'is then moves outside and proceeds to sell from there?
(b) What does the Tana mean when he says with regard to believing the potter who is selling within Modi'is ...
1. ... 'Hu ha'Kadar'?
2. ... 'Hein ha'Kedeiros'?
3. ... 'Hein ha'Lokchin'?
(a) The Gaba'in who claim that they did not touch anything when they entered the house (regarding Kodesh [See Tos. Yom-Tov]) are believed. Who are the 'Gaba'in' in this context?
(b) The Tana issues the same ruling with regard to Ganavim who returned the earthenware vessels that they stole. What is the case?
(c) On what condition are they believed?
(a) On what grounds does the Mishnah believe everyone in Yerushalayim who claims that his earthenware vessels are Tahor with regards to Kodesh?
(b) Does this concession extend to large vessels?
(c) When does it extend to T'rumah?
(d) We learn this from the Pasuk in Seifer Shoftim "Vaye'esof Kol Ish Yisrael el ha'Ir ke'Ish Echad Chaverim. What are the connotations of the word 'Chaverim'?
(e) What is the Pasuk then coming to teach us?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses a case of 'ha'Pose'ach es Chavito' and 'ha'Maschil be'Isaso al-Gav ha'Regel'. What does is the meaning of ...
1. ... 'ha'Pose'ach es Chavito al-Gav ha'Regel'?
2. ... 'ha'Maschil be'Isaso al-Gav ha'Regel'?
(b) Rebbi Yehudah says 'Yigmor'. What does 'Yigmor' mean?
(c) On what grounds do the Chachamim disagree?
(d) What is then Rebbi Yehudah's reason?
(e) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) What did the Kohanim used to do with the Keilim of the Azarah the day after Yom-Tov?
(b) Why did they not do this on Friday if Yom-Tov terminated on Thursday?
(c) According to Rebbi Yehudah, they did not do it either if it terminated on Wednesday, since they were not available to do it on Thursday either. Why not?
(a) Having just learned that the Kohanim would Tovel the Keilim of the Azarah Having just learned that the Kohanim would Tovel the Keilim of the Azarah (and apparently of the Heichal, too), why did they need to warn the Amei-ha'Aretz (i.e. Kohanim [See Tos. Yom-Tov] on Yom-Tov not to touch the Shulchan?
(b) From which Pasuk in Tetzaveh do we learn that?
(c) How many replicas did they have of 'each' K'li?
(d) Why was this necessary?
(a) The Mishnah rules that each and every K'li requires Tevilah with two exceptions. About when is the Tana speaking?
(b) What are the two exceptions?
(c) There is actually a third exception. What is it?
(a) According to Rebbi Eliezer, the reason that the Mizbe'ach ha'Nechoshes does not require Tevilah is because it is considered attached to the ground. From which Pasuk in Yisro does he learn it?
(b) Why does the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav then not require Tevilah?
(c) From which Pasuk in Bamidbar do we that?
(a) The Chachamim say 'Mipnei she'hein Metzupin'. What were they (the two Mizb'chos) overlaid with?
(b) According to one explanation that is why they required Tevilah. Why would they otherwise have been Patur?
(c) Others explain that they actually agree in principle with Rebbi Eliezer's ruling. What did they mean when they said 'Mipnei she'hein Metzupin'?
(d) In that case, what is the Machlokes between Rebbi Eliezer and the Chachamim?
(e) Who is the source of this explanation?
Nishlemah Maseches Chagigah