prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) What does the Tana mean when he writes 'Ein Dorshin ba'Arayos bi'Sheloshah'?
(b) What for example, is he referring to?
(c) Why does he forbid it?
(d) Why specifically Arayos?
(a) And what does the Mishnah say about teaching Ma'aseh Bereishis?
(b) Does this mean that one may teach it to three or more Talmidim?
(c) How does he learn the prohibition from the Pasuk in Devarim (in connection with the creation) "Ki She'al na le'Yamim Rishonim"?
(a) Which other Navi, besides Yechezkel saw Ma'aseh Merkavah?
(b) To how many Talmidim is one permitted to teach it?
(c) Even that is only permitted on condition that the Talmid is a Chacham u'Meivin mi'Da'to. What is the definition of 'Chacham u'Meivin mi'Da'to'?
(a) How does the Rambam define 'Ma'aseh Bereishis'?
(b) 'Ma'aseh ha'Merkavah' he defines as 'the existence of Hash-m and His descriptive titles, the angels, the Nefdesh and the Seichel, and what happens to a person after death'. What is the problem with this explanation?
(c) So how do we define 'Ma'aseh Merkavah'?
(a) What does the Mishnah say about someone looks 'looks into' the four things that we are about to discuss?
(b) What is the Tana referring to when it says 'what is ...
1. ... above'?
2. ... below'?
(c) And whereabouts is he referring to when he says 'what is ...
1. ... 'in front (Mah Lif'nim)'?
2. ... 'behind (Mah le'Achor)'?
(d) What else might 'Mah Lif'nim u'Mah le'Achor' refer to?
(a) What is the Tana referring to when he discusses someone who does things that dishonor Hash-m?
(b) What does he say about them?
(a) On what grounds does Yossi ben Yo'ezer forbid performing Semichah (on the head of one's Korban) on Yom-Tov?
(b) What does Yossi ben Yochanan say?
(c) The Mishnah lists four more 'pairs' who argued over the same point, following the same sequence as the previous pair: 'Yehoshu'a ben P'rachyah and Nitai ha'Arbeili, Yehudah ben Tabai and Shimon ben Shetach and Sh'mayah and Avtalyon. What is the significance of these pairs? What do they have in common?
(a) Initially, when Hillel was Nasi and Menachem Av Beis-Din, it is unclear as to whether Menachem argued with Hillel over Semichah on Yom-Tov or not (See also Tiferes Yisrael). What did Hillel hold?
(b) Why did Menachem's opinion remain unclarified?
(c) Who replaced Menachem as Av Beis-Din?
(d) What did Shamai say about Semichah on Yom-Tov?
(a) What do Beis Shamai say about bringing Shelamim and Olos on Yom-Tov?
(b) To which Shelamim and Olos are they referring?
(c) And what do they say about performing Semichah on the Shelamim?
(a) What do Beis Hillel say about ...
1. ... bringing Olos Re'iyah on Yom-Tov?
2. ... performing Semichah on both them and on Shalmei Chagigah?
(b) What is the basis of Beis Shamai's stringency regarding Semichah?
(c) What do Beis Hillel say to that?
(d) What is the underlying principle behind their Machlokes?
(e) Which Pasuk in Vayikra serves as Beis Hillel's source?
(a) On what basis do Beis Shamai forbid bringing Olos Re'iyah on Yom-Tov?
(b) How do they learn the basic Isur from the Pasuk in Pinchas "Atzeres Tih'yeh lachem"?
(c) How do Beis Hillel then permit it, based on the Pasuk in Re'ei "Atzeres la'Hashem"?
(d) What do both Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel say about bringing Nedarim and Nedavos on Yom-Tov?
(a) What do Beis Shamai mean when they say that when Shavu'os falls on Friday 'Yom Tevo'ach is on Sunday'?
(b) Why is that?
(c) What do Beis Hillel say?
(d) What is their reason?
(e) Seeing as we have learned both opinions in the previous Perek, what Chidush is the Tana coming to teach us?
(a) When do Beis Hillel concede that there is a 'Yom Tevo'ach'?
(b) Why does the Kohen Gadol not wear his Shabbos clothes on that day?
(c) What does the Mishnah say further about Hesped and Ta'anis?
(d) Why did the Chachamim see fit to issue these rulings?
(e) Which Pasuk in Emor is the source of the Tzedokim erroneous ruling?
(a) The Mishnah requires Netilas Yadayim before eating Chulin, Ma'aser and T'rumah. To which Ma'aser is the Tana referring?
(b) What does Kodesh require?
(c) What is the difference between Netilas Yadayim and Matbilin?
(d) What does 'le'Kodesh' mean?
(e) In the latter case, what will be the Din if one has guarded one's hands against Tum'ah?
(a) The Mishnah now discusses Chatas. What does 'Chatas' mean in this context?
(b) Seeing as one does not eat it, what is the Tana referring to?
(c) What sort of Tum'ah is he talking about?
(d) What is the definition of Tum'as Yadayim?
(a) What is the source of all these 'Ma'alos'?
(b) Why does the Mishnah insert them here?
(a) What does the Mishnah mean when, after saying 'ha'Tovel le'Chulin', it adds 've'Huchzak le'Chulin'?
(b) Does Tevilah for Chulin require Kavanah?
(c) What makes Ma'aser more stringent than Chulin?
(d) What does the Tana now say with regard to someone who Tovels with the specific intention of being Tahor to eat ...
1. ... Chulin?
2. ... Ma'aser?
3. ... T'rumah?
4. ... Kodesh?
(e) What if one Tovels for one of the more stringent items?
(a) What does the Tana mean when he says 'Taval ve'Lo Huchzak, Ke'ilu Lo Taval'?
(b) To which of the above cases is he ...
1. ... referring to?
2. ... not referring to?
(a) The Tana considers the clothes of an Am ha'Aretz Medras for P'rushim. What are 'P'rushim'?
(b) What does he mean?
(c) What does he also say about the clothes of ...
1. ... P'rushim?
2. ... Kohanim who eat T'rumah?
3. ... those who eat Kodesh?
(d) Which case/s does the Tana seem to have omitted?
(a) What is the source for all these Ma'alos and those in the previous Mishnah?
(b) The logic behind the decree is that the care that the one takes not to be come Tamei will not suffice for the other. Why did they decree specifically Tum'as Medras?
(a) How does the Tana describe Yosef ben Yo'ezer?
(b) What does he say about his clothes?
(a) What did Yochanan ben Gudgoda practice all his life?
(b) What does the Mishnah say about his clothes?
(c) Why does the Tana not say that it was Medras for actual Kodesh?
(d) What is the Halachah?