prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) Why did Chazal forbid declaring something Hekdesh on Shabbos and Yom-Tov?
(b) What is the source for the prohibition?
(c) They also forbade the separation of Terumos and Ma'asros on Shabbos and Yom-Tov. Why is it not obvious that this is Asur, seeing as it resembles 'Tikun Mana'?
(d) Which kind of tithes is one permitted to separate on Shabbos and Yom-Tov?
(a) Our Mishnah refers to the first group as 'Shevus', the second as 'Reshus' and the third, as' Mitzvah'. What problem do we have with that?
(b) How do we resolve it?
(c) It appears from the Tana of our Mishnah that whichever prohibitions apply on Shabbos, also apply to Yom-Tov. What is the problem with this from the Mishnah of 'Mashilin Peiros'?
(a) To resolve the discrepancy, Rav Yosef cites a Beraisa, which discusses an animal and its baby that fell into a deep pit on Yom-Tov. Rebbi Eliezer permits taking one of the animals out and Shechting it. What about the second one?
(b) What does Rebbi Yehoshua say?
(c) How does Rav Yosef connect the two Mishnahs to the two opinions?
(d) Abaye however, queries Rav Yosef's comparison. Why might ...
1. ... Rebbi Eliezer (who is strict in the case of 'Oso v'es B'no') concede that lowering fruit via the skylight might be permitted on Yom-Tov?
2. ... Rebbi Yehoshua (who is lenient by 'Oso v'es B'no') concede that lowering fruit might be forbidden?
(a) Rav Papa finally equates our Mishnah and the Mishnah of Mashilin Peiros with the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel regarding carrying a child ... (which we already cited in the first Perek). How does he do this? What exactly is the connection?
(b) On what grounds do we overrule the suggestion that Beis Shamai are only strict when it comes to carrying on Yom-Tov, but maybe in the case of Mashilin, which is only a matter of Tiltul (carrying the fruit), they will concede that Chazal are lenient?
(a) How does our Mishnah define the Techum of animals and vessels on Yom-Tov?
(b) What if the owner hands them to a shepherd or to his son on Yom-Tov?
(c) And what will be the Techum assuming that the father dies, and his property now falls to his heirs?
(d) Under which circumstances will vessels or clothes share the Techum of just one of the brothers?
(a) When does a vessel share the Techum of the borrower, and when does it share the Techum of the lender?
(b) What will be the Din if a woman borrows spices, water or salt from her friend on Yom-Tov? To whose Techum is the cooked dish bound?
(c) What does Rebbi Yehudah say about water?
(d) What kind of dish is Rebbi Yehudah referring to?
(a) Rebbi Dosa (or Aba Shaul) says that if someone purchases an animal before Yom-Tov, the animal shares the Techum of its new owner, even though he only received it on Yom-Tov. What does he say about a shepherd?
(b) Is it possible to reconcile Rebbi Dosa with our Mishnah (which holds that, if one gave the animal to the shepherd on Yom-Tov, then it shares the Techum of the original owner)?
(c) How do we prove that our Mishnah must be speaking in such a case?
(d) Like whom does Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan rule?
(a) Which principle of Rebbi Yochanan concerning a Stam Mishnah (based on our Mishnah) seems to create a problem with the previous ruling?
(b) On what basis do we reject this Kashya outright?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about a coat which two people borrowed on Erev Yom-Tov (one to go to Shul in the morning, the other to go to a Se'udah in the evening) in the event that one of them made an Eruv ...
1. ... fifteen hundred Amos to the north, and the other, fifteen hundred Amos to the south?
2. ... two thousand Amos to the north, and the other, two thousand Amos to the south?
(b) If two people purchased a barrel of wine on Erev Yom-Tov, Rav permits each one to take his share of the wine to wherever he is allowed to go. What does Shmuel say?
(c) What is the basis of their Machlokes?
(a) On what grounds does Rav concede that if they purchased an animal (to Shecht and divide the meat), that they may only take their respective portions to whichever area they are both permitted to go?
(b) Why did Rav's disciples Rav Kahana and Rav Asi, query his distinction between a barrel of wine and an animal ('le'Isur Muktzeh Lo Chasheshu ... ')?
(c) How did Rav react to their query?
(a) Rav Hoshaya holds 'Yesh Bereirah' (like Rav, in spite of Rav Kahana and Rav Asi's objection). What does Rebbi Yochanan say?
(b) We query the opinion of Rav Hoshaya however, on the basis of the Mishnah in Ohalos (which we already quoted in the first chapter and) which talks about a Mes that is lying in a house with a number of exits. What does the Tana rule there with regard to objects that are lying in the exits (outside the door, assuming that ...
1. ... all the doors are either open or shut)? Why is that?
2. ... one of the doors is open, and all the rest are shut)?
(c) There where the owner decides to take out the Mes through one of the exits or through a window that measures four by four Tefachim, Beis Shamai confines the Tana Kama's ruling declaring all the other exits Tahor, to where he made this decision before the Mes died. What do Beis Hillel say?
(d) How does Rebbi Hoshaya restrict Beis Hillel's ruling, to contradict his earlier ruling?
(a) How do we try to solve the problem, by reassessing the opinions of Rebbi Hoshaya and Rebbi Yochanan?
(b) What does Rebbi Asi (or Rav Ashi) citing Rebbi Yochanan say about brothers who divided the property that they inherited from their father?
(c) Why is that?
(d) How does that now leave us with a discrepancy in Rebbi Yochanan (like jumping from the frying-pan into the fire)?
(a) How do we try to resolve it?
(b) We refute this answer however, from another statement of Rebbi Yochanan, in connection with a Beraisa cited by Ayo, which deals with placing an Eruv in order to hear a Derashah from a Chacham, who is due to arrive near his town, but outside the Techum. On what grounds would a person require two Eruvin in order to hear him?
(a) What distinction does Rebbi Yehudah draw there between making two Eruvin in order to hear one Chacham, and making two Eruvin to hear one of two Chachamim? Why does Rebbi Yehudah forbid the latter?
(b) What problem do we have with this distinction?
(c) How does Rebbi Yochanan resolve the discrepancy?
(d) How does this refute the answer we gave earlier to resolve the Kashya on Rebbi Hoshaya? What does Rebbi Yochanan really hold?
(a) How do we therefore finally resolve the original discrepancy in Rebbi Hoshaya? What does he hold?
(b) Like whom does Mar Zutra rule?