prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler of Kollel Iyun Hadaf
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
(a) What does the Tana Kama of our Mishnah say about a B'chor that has ...
1. ... no Beitzim?
2. ... only one Beitzah?
(b) Rebbi Yishmael disagrees. In which case will he declare a B'chor a Tam even though it has only one Beitzah?
(c) What does Rebbi Akiva advise one to do in the event that a B'chor has only one Beitzah?
(a) It once happened that this method proved ineffective. What did they find when they Shechted the animal?
(b) Rebbi Akiva considered it to be a blemish. What did Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri say?
(c) What problem do we have with the opening ruling of our Mishnah 'Ein lo Beitzim O Ein lo Ela Beitzah Achas'?
(d) How do we therefore amend the Mishnah? What does 'Ein lo Beitzim' mean?
(a) On which case does Rebbi Yishmael now argue with the Tana Kama?
(b) How does Rebbi Akiva counter that?
(c) The Beraisa cites the episode (that took place in Piruz) mentioned in our Mishnah, in more detail. Following Rebbi Akiva's ruling Lehachmir, Rebbi Yochanan ben Nuri asked Rebbi Akiva how long he would continue to finish off Yisrael's money (by causing them to lose their B'chorim). What was Rebbi Akiva response?
(d) Both 'Neveilos' and 'Tereifos' are inappropriate. What did Rebbi Akiva really mean to say?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about a B'chor with ...
1. ... three or five legs?
2. ... hooves that are round like a donkey's?
(b) The Tana includes among the Mumin 'ha'Shechol', which means that the thigh moved out of place. On what condition is it only a Ba'al-Mum and not a T'reifah?
(c) What is 'ha'Kesol'? Why is it called by that name?
(a) What does Rav Huna comment on the opening ruling in our Mishnah? In which case would the B'chor even be a T'reifah?
(b) Why is an animal with five hind legs T'reifah?
(c) What does Rav Papa say about a B'chor with round feet that are split?
(d) The Beraisa includes Saru'a ve'Kalut. What is Saru'a?
(a) Ayla in Yavneh added to the above Mumin a B'chor with a broken bone in its foreleg or its hind leg (even though it is not visible). What did the Chachamim say ...
1. ... about that?
2. ... about the other three cases that he added?
(b) What does Ayla consider a blemish in connection with ...
1. ... the ball of the animal's eyes?
2. ... the shape of its mouth?
3. ... its tongue?
(c) Why is the Halachah like Ayla in these three cases, despite the fact that the Chachamim disagree
(a) If a broken leg-bone is not visible, why did the Chachamim agree with Ayla that it is a blemish?
(b) What does Rebbi Meir in the Mishnah in Nidah, rule with regard to a woman who gives birth to any kind of animal, beast or bird?
(c) What reason does Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan ascribe to this?
(d) How does Rav Yosef reconcile this with our Mishnah which describes the eyeball of an animal as 'not round like that of a human?
(a) The mouth of a pig has two features: 1. that it is round, 2. that its upper-lip and jaw protrude and become narrower like a spit-rod. What does Rav Papa say with regard to Ayla's ruling that a mouth like a pig is a blemish?
(b) Which Tana describes 'Rov ha'Lashon as the majority of the part of the tongue that speaks (that is not attached to the mouth, as we explained according to Ayla in our Mishnah)?
(c) Our Mishnah cites a case of a B'chor whose lower jaw protruded. What did the Chachamim reply, when Raban Shimon ben Gamliel asked them for a ruling?
(d) Why did Rebbi insert this Mishnah here? What did we learn earlier that serves as the catalyst?
(a) What does the Mishnah (in the next Perek) learn from the Pasuk in Emor "Ish Ish mi'Zera Aharon"?
(b) What problem does create with our Mishnah?
(c) What does Rav Papa answer? In which case is a protruding lower lip considered a blemish by Adam ...
1. ... but not by Beheimah?
2. ... as well as by Beheimah?
(a) Under which circumstances does our Mishnah consider a kid-goat with one ear within the other, a blemish?
(b) Why, if they do not, is it different than an animal with an extra leg?
(c) And what does Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel say about a kid-goat with a tail like that of a pig or if it does not have at least three vertebrae (though we will amend this statement in the Sugya)?
(a) Regarding a Beheimah with a narrow mouth or short legs, what distinction does the Beraisa draw between whether it is the entire mouth ('Im Machmas ha'Revach') or the entire leg that is short, or it is just the bone in either case?
(b) How else might we interpret 'Piv Balum'?
(c) What will we then insert in the Beraisa to replace 'Im Machmas ha'Revach'?
(d) Why is that not a blemish?
(e) The Tana, discussing the blemish of a double-ear (like our Mishnah), states 'ba'Chasasis Achas, harei Zeh Mum'. What is 'Chasasis')?
(a) With reference to Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel in our Mishnah, what does Rav Papa say about the tail of a kid-goat which is round like the tail of a pig, but not thin?
(b) Rav Huna rules that the tail of a kid-goat which has only two vertebrae is a Ba'al-Mum. What does he say about a lamb?
(c) We disprove Rav Huna however, from a Beraisa. What distinction does the Tana draw between a kid-goat and a lamb in this regard?
(d) What caused Rav Huna to err?
(a) Our Mishnah cites Rebbi Chanina ben Antignos, who lists among the blemishes a wart (Yabeles) in the eye, and a notch in the bone of the fore or the hind leg (which is visible), or if part of the bone containing the teeth is broken off. How does this last case differ from the gums?
(b) Under what condition does the Tana consider one eye or ear that is bigger than the other, a blemish?
(c) Rebbi Yehudah adds one Beitzah that is larger than the other. What do the Chachamim say?
(d) What problem do we have with Rebbi Chanina ben Antignos' insertion of a wart (Yabeles) in the eye?
(e) Why does the Tana then not permit Shechting it in the Beis-Hamikdash?
(a) Bearing in mind that the Torah itself includes a wart among the blemishes, on what grounds do we query the suggestion that the Mishnah later is speaking about a wart on the body and not in the eye?
(b) We try to get round that by establishing the Pasuk by a wart with a bone. How would that help us resolve the two Mishnahs?
(c) We refute this suggestion however, with a statement by Rebbi Eliezer in a Mishnah in the next Perek. What does Rebbi Eliezer say about Ba'alei Tiltulin that contradicts the previous suggestion? What are 'Ba'alei Tiltulin'?
(a) So we establish the Mishnah's too, by warts with bones. On what grounds do we initially refute the suggestion that Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel is referring to a wart in the black of the eye, whereas the following Mishnah is speaking about one in the white?
(b) On what basis does Resh Lakish nevertheless accept the suggestion? On what condition will a wart in the white of the eye disqualify the B'chor from being brought on the Mizbe'ach?
(c) Why must we then establish our Mishnah by a wart without a bone?
(a) Our Mishnah lists the tail of a calf that does not reach the Arkov as a blemish. What is the 'Arkov'?
(b) Seeing as the tail of a cow generally reaches further than that, why did the Chachamim give that as the Shi'ur?
(c) Rebbi Chanina ben Gamliel explains that this refers to the joint between the thigh and the calf (as we just explained). Which other joint might the Tana have otherwise been referring to?
(d) What does this have to do with a camel?