1) THOSE THAT LEFT MITZRAYIM AND THOSE THAT CAME TO ERETZ YISRAEL (Yerushalmi Halachah 2 Daf 22b)

ר' יאשיה אמר ליוצאי מצרים נתחלקה הארץ דכתיב לשמות מטות אבותיו

(a) R. Yoshiyah: Every man that left Mitzrayim received an inheritance in the land (which would be divided amongst his children when he died), as the pasuk states (Bamidbar 26:55), "according to the names of their fathers' tribes".

ואם כן מה תלמוד לומר לאלה

1. Question: If so, what is the meaning of the words (Bamidbar 26:53), "To these (will the land be divided as an inheritance according to the number of names)"?

אלא מפני הנשים ומפני הקטנים

2. Answer: To exclude the women and children from the inheritance (when they came to the land).

רבי (יוחנן)[יונתן] אמר לבאי הארץ נתחלקה הארץ שנאמר לאלה תחלק

(b) R. Yonasan: The land was divided amongst those who entered it, as the pasuk states (ibid), "To these (will the land) be divided". (Note: The Gilyon Efraim and others changed the text here, as indicated.)

אם כן מה תלמוד לומר לשמות מטות אבותיו

1. If so, what is taught by the words (pasuk 55), "according to the names of their fathers' tribes"?

משונה נחלה זו מכל נחלות שבעולם שכל נחלות שבעולם חיים יורשין מתים וכא מתים יורשין חיים

2. This inheritance is different from others, because in all others, the living inherit the dead, and here, the dead inherit the living.

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