1) THE THREE EXTRA DROPS AND LIABILITY OF THE MIDDLEMAN (Yerushalmi Halachah 4 Daf 17b)

תני ר' יודה אומר לילי שבת עם חשיכה פטור מפני שהוא רשות

(a) Beraisa - R. Yehuda: He also does not need to give the three extra drops just before Shabbos - since he is busy preparing for Shabbos, the Chachamim did not make this obligation on him.

וחכמים אומרים בין כך ובין כך חייב.

(b) Chachamim: He must even give the drops just before Shabbos.

מאי טעמא

(c) Question: Why did the Mishnah teach that if there was a middleman and it broke, that he suffers the loss?

אמר ר' יודן אם שכיר הוא בא בשכרו:

(d) R. Yudan: The middleman is like a day worker, who is liable unless it was beyond his control (known as an ones).

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