1)

(a)What does Rav Sheshes say about 'Yitol', 'Yizkeh', 'Yachzik' and 'Yikneh'? What do they all have in common?

(b)What might we otherwise have thought?

(c)The Beraisa seems to have taken Rav Sheshes' cases for granted, adding 'Yachsin' and 'Yareis'. What is his Chidush? Who is the author of the Beraisa?

(d)We ask what the Din will be in the case of 'Yehaneh Bahen', 'Yera'eh Bahen', Ya'amod Bahen' or 'Yisha'en Bahen'. What is the She'eilah?

(e)What is the outcome of these She'eilos?

1)

(a)Rav Sheshes rules that 'Yitol', 'Yizkeh', 'Yachzik' and 'Yikneh' are all a Lashon Matanah, and are therefore valid by a Matnas Shechiv-Mera.

(b)We might otherwise have thought that, like 'Yidor Ploni ba'Bayis Zeh (which we discussed earlier), they are all abstract Leshonos, and are therefore invalid.

(c)The Beraisa seems to have taken Rav Sheshes' cases for granted, adding 'Yachsin' and 'Yares', to teach us that if the Shechiv-Mera bequeaths his property to one of the Yorshim, he acquires it (like Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah, whom we discussed earlier in the Perek).

(d)We ask what the Din will be in the case of 'Yehaneh Bahen', 'Yera'eh Bahen', Ya'amod Bahen' or 'Yisha'en Bahen'. The She'eilah is whether these are expressions of Matanah, or whether they are abstract expressions of merely having Hana'ah.

(e)The outcome of these She'eilos is once again 'Teiku'.

2)

(a)We then ask about a Shechiv-Mera who sold all his property. How do we explain Rav Yehudah Amar Rav, who sometimes ruled that he not retract, and sometimes that he can't?

(b)Next we ask whether if the Shechiv-Mera admits that the property belongs to Reuven, Reuven actually acquires it, and we resolve the She'eilah from an episode where Rava borrowed twelve thousand Zuz from Isur Giyora. Who was Isur Giyora?

(c)Who was Rav Mari?

(d)Why did Rav Mari not automatically acquire his father's estate?

(e)What made Rava think that he would be able to acquire the money and that Isur Giyora would not give it to his son - because he knew that the latter would have a problem with how to give it to him (as shall now see).

2)

(a)We then ask about a Shechiv-Mera who sold all his property. Sometimes Rav Yehudah Amar Rav ruled that he can retract when the money is still intact (when we assume that he deliberately refrained from using it, in order to be able to retract from the sale and return the money should he recover), and sometimes that he can't when the money has already been spent.

(b)Next we ask whether if the Shechiv-Mera admits that the property belongs to Reuven, Reuven actually acquires it, and we resolve the She'eilah from an episode where Rava borrowed twelve thousand Zuz from Isur Giyora the captor who raped one of Shmuel's daughters before converting.

(c)Rav Mari who was the son born from that incident ...

(d)... did not automatically acquire his father's estate because, although by the time he was born, Isur Giyora had already converted, at the time of conception, he was still a Nochri (and a Ger does not inherit his father who converted after he has already been conceived).

(e)Rava thought that he would be able to acquire the money (and not Rav Mari) because he knew that the latter would have a problem in how to give it to him (as we shall now see).

3)

(a)We just explained why Rav Mari did not automatically inherit Isur Giyora. Why could the latter not give him the money ...

1. ... as a Matnas Shechiv-Mera?

2. ... through Meshichah or Chalipin?

3. ... together with Karka?

(b)And why could he not give it to him via the Takanah of Ma'amad Sheloshtan?

(c)What happened when Rav Ika Brei d'Rav Ami asked why he did not simply admit that the money belonged to Rav Mari?

(d)What was Rava's reaction to that?

3)

(a)We just explained why Rav Mari did not automatically inherit Isur Giyora. Neither could the latter give him the money ...

1. ... as a Matnas Shechiv-Mera because Chazal gave a Matnas Shechiv-Mera the Din of Yerushah, so whoever cannot inherit, cannot receive a Matnas Shechiv-Mera either.

2. ... through Meshichah since the money (on which to make Meshichah) was not there or Chalipin since one cannot acquire money with Chalipin.

3. ... together with Karka because Isur Giyora did not own any land.

(b)Neither could he give it to him via the Takanah of Ma'amad Sheloshtan because Rava made it clear that he would not make himself available, even if Isur Giyora were to call him.

(c)When Rav Ika Brei d'Rav Ami asked why he did not simply admit that the money belonged to Rav Mari that is precisely what Isur Giyora did.

(d)Rava was angry that someone had obviously divulged what they had discussed in the Beis-Hamedrash, thereby assisting Rav Mari against himself.

4)

(a)What have we now proved from this episode?

4)

(a)We have now proved from this episode that the beneficiary acquires the property on the Shechiv-Mera's admission alone.

149b----------------------------------------149b

5)

(a)We learned in our Mishnah 'Shiyer Karka Kol-she'Hu, Matanaso Kayemes'. How does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav interpret 'Kol-she'Hu'?

(b)What does Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba add to that?

(c)On what grounds does ...

1. ... Rebbi Zeira praise both Rav Yehudah Amar Rav and Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba?

2. ... Rav Yosef refute Rebbi Zeira's statement?

5)

(a)We learned in our Mishnah 'Shiyer Karka Kol-she'Hu, Matanaso Kayemes'. Rav Yehudah Amar Rav interprets 'Kol-she'Hu' as sufficient to live off, should he recover.

(b)Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba adds that even Metaltelin of that amount will suffice to render the Matanah irreversible.

(c)The reason that ...

1. ... Rebbi Zeira praises Rav Yehudah Amar Rav is because logically, that is the amount that would clinch the gift, and Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba, because there is no logical reason to differentiate between Karka and Metaltelin.

2. Rav Yosef refutes Rebbi Zeira's statement is because the Tana said 'Karka Kol-she'Hu', and Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba should not have changed it.

6)

(a)Abaye queries Rav Yosef from a Mishnah in Pe'ah. What does the Tana say there ...

1. ... about a case where someone writes all his property to his Eved?

2. ... if he left over 'Karka Kol she'Hu'?

(b)Rebbi Shimon disagrees. What must the owner say for the Eved not to go free, according to him?

(c)Rav Dimi bar Yosef Amar Rebbi Elazar 'Asu Metaltelin Shiyur Eitzel Eved'. Why does he say that?

6)

(a)Abaye queries Rav Yosef from a Mishnah in Pe'ah, where the Tana says that ...

1. ... if someone writes all his property to his Eved the latter goes free (because the Eved himself is included in the property that he acquires).

2. ... if he left over 'Karka Kol she'Hu' he does not go free (because, seeing as Avadim are compared to Karka, perhaps the Eved is the 'Karka Kol-she'Hu' to which the owner referred).

(b)According to Rebbi Shimon, for the Eved not to go free, the owner must say 'Kol Nechasai Nesunin li'Peloni Avdi Chutz me'Echad me'Ribu she'Bahen' (without mentioning 'Karka', which according to him, does not automatically include Avadim [see also M'lo ha'Ro'im).

(c)Rav Dimi bar Yosef Amar Rebbi Elazar 'Asu Metaltelin Shiyur Eitzel Eved'. He says that because Avadim are also compared to Metaltelin (since they are not attached to the ground).

7)

(a)Which ruling is Rav Dimi bar Yosef referring to when he adds 've'Lo Asu Metaltelin Shiyur Eitzel Kesuvah'?

(b)What is he then saying?

(c)What does Abaye try to prove from this?

(d)How does Rav Yosef refute Abaye's proof?

7)

(a)When Rav Dimi bar Yosef adds 've'Lo Asu Metaltelin Shiyur Eitzel Kesuvah', he is referring to a case where a man writes all his property to his sons, and one field to his wife (in which case she would certainly lose her Kesuvah, if she remained silent).

(b)And he is teaching us that the Tana's ruling is confined to where the man leaves his wife Karka, but where he leaves her Metaltelin, she does not lose her Kesuvah (as we learned earlier in the Perek), because women tended not to rely on Metaltelin for their Kesuvah.

(c)Abaye tries to prove from here that when the Mishnah says 'Karka', it does not necessarily come to preclude Metaltelin.

(d)Rav Yosef refutes Abaye's Kashya however on the grounds that normally, when the Tana says Karka, he means exclusively Karka, and it is specifically in the Mishnah in Pe'ah, where he only mentions 'Karka' because of the Reisha ('Rebbi Akiva Omer, Karka Kol-she'Hu Chayeves be'Pe'ah'), where we can say that Karka is 'La'av Davka'.

8)

(a)We just cited Rebbi Akiva in the Mishnah in Pe'ah, who says 'Karka Kol she'Hu Chayeves be'Pe'ah'. He lists three other things that require 'Karka Kol she'Hu'. Two of them are Bikurim and Pruzbul. What is the third?

8)

(a)We just cited Rebbi Akiva in the Mishnah in Pe'ah, who says 'Karka Kol she'Hu Chayeves be'Pe'ah'. He lists three other things that require 'Karka Kol she'Hu', Bikurim, Pruzbul and in order to acquire Metaltelin together with it by means of Kesef, Shtar or Chazakah.

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