Perek ha'Mocher es ha'Sefinah

1)

(a)Someone who sells a ship automatically sells, among other things, the 'Toren', the 'Nes' and the 'Ugin'. What is ...

1. ... 'Toren'?

2. ... 'Nes'?

3. ... 'Ugin'?

(b)What is the connection between Ugin and the Pasuk in Megilas Rus "ha'Lahen Te'agenah"?

(c)What does the Tana say about the slaves who work on the ship, the leather sacks and the goods for transportation?

(d)Under which circumstances will they too, be included in the sale?

1)

(a)Someone who sells a ship automatically sells, among other things the 'Ugin' ...

1. ... 'Toren' - the mast.

2. ... 'Nes' - the sails, and the ...

3. ... 'Ugin' - the anchor.

(b)"ha'Lahen Te'agenah" (in Megilas Rus) means - 'Will you wait for them?' (like an anchor causes the ship to wait in the bay).

(c)The Tana rules that the slaves who work on the ship, the leather sacks and the goods for transportation - are not included in the sale ...

(d)... unless the seller stipulates 'Hi ve'Chol Mah she'be'Tochah'.

2)

(a)The 'Manhigin' are the oars, and we cite Pesukim from Yechezkel to prove it. What would we have included instead of the oars, were it not for those Pesukim?

(b)The Beraisa adds Isk'la and Bor Mayim to the list of things that are sold together with the boat. 'Bor Mayim' is a reservoir containing drinking water. What is 'Isk'la'?

(c)Rebbi Nasan in a Beraisa inserts 'Bitzis' to the list, and Sumchus, 'Dugis'. What is the difference between the two?

(d)In that case, why did the Tana'im give them different names?

2)

(a)The 'Manhigin' are the oars, and we cite Pesukim from Yechezkel to prove it. If not for the Pesukim, we would otherwise have included - the ropes (with which the ship is pulled by a person or an animal walking along the river bank).

(b)The Beraisa adds Isk'la and Bor Mayim to the list of things that are sold together with the boat. 'Bor Mayim' is a reservoir containing drinking water; Isk'la is - the ramp by means of which the passengers ascend the ship.

(c)Rebbi Nasan in a Beraisa inserts 'Bitzis' to the list, and Sumchus' 'Dugis' - both of which mean a small boat (used to row from the ship into a shallow port).

(d)The reason that the Tana'im give them different names is simply - because Rebbi Nasan, who was from Bavel, gave it a Babylonian name 'Bitzis' or 'Batzis' (similar to 'boat' in English, and 'bateau' in French). Whereas Sumchus, who was from Eretz Yisrael, called it by its Hebrew name 'Dugis' (from the word 'Dag' [fish], because they used to use them to catch fish).

3)

(a)The forthcoming stories, mainly concerning Rabah bar bar Chanah, which are not to be taken literally, may well be meant to teach us the greatness of Hash-m. What else might be coming to teach us?

(b)Why are these stories inserted in this Perek?

(c)The sailors told Rabah (bar Nachmeini) about a flame of white fire that would go in front of a wave that threatened to sink a ship. What was it really?

(d)How did the sailors deal with it (causing it to die down)?

3)

(a)The forthcoming stories, mainly concerning Rabah bar bar Chanah, which are not to be taken literally, are meant to teach us either the greatness of Hash-m - or the reward of Tzadikim (as is explained by the Maharsha and other commentaries), or to explain difficult Pesukim in Seifer Iyov, which talk about gigantic birds, animals and fish (since one can learn something even from the 'idle chatter' of Chachamim).

(b)These stories are inserted in this Perek - because many of them (including opening ones) are told by sailors (which is clearly connected with the Mishnah that we just learned.

(c)The sailors told Rabah (bar Nachmeini) about a flame of white fire that would go in front of a wave that threatened to sink a ship. That flame - was really an angel.

(d)The sailors would cause it to die down - by hitting it with a stick, on which was written various Names of Hash-m, and the words 'Amen Amen Selah'.

4)

(a)If the distance between one wave and the next was three hundred Parsah, what was the wave's height?

(b)What did such a wave once do to Rabah bar bar Chanah? What did he see there?

(c)How big did the star appear to him?

(d)What would have happened had the wave tossed him any higher?

4)

(a)The distance between one wave and the next was three hundred Parsah and its height was - three hundred Parsah, too.

(b)Such a wave once - lifted Rabah bar bar Chanah into the air, until he saw the place where the smallest star rested.

(c)The star appeared to him - no bigger than the area in which one sows forty Kur of mustard-seeds (which are larger than other seeds).

(d)Had the wave tossed him any higher - he would have got burned from the heat of the star.

5)

(a)What did the next wave shout to its predecessor? What did it think it was doing?

(b)What did the first wave reply?

(c)What did Rabah bar Chanah see Hurmin (or Hurmiz) the son of Lilis doing on the tip of the wall of Mechuza? Who was 'Hurmin' (or 'Hurmiz')? Who was Lilis

(d)What act of Divine Kindness did Rabah bar bar Chanah then relate in connection with this Demon?

5)

(a)The next wave (which thought that its predecessor was about to engulf the whole world) shouted to it - to leave over something for it to destroy.

(b)The first wave replied - that it had no authority to pass the boundary of the sand by as much as a hairsbreadth.

(c)Rabah bar Chanah saw 'Hurmin' (or 'Hurmiz') the son of Lilis (a Demon) - running at full speed on the tip of the wall of Mechuza in pursuit of a horse-rider who was riding casually on his horse.

(d)Rabah bar bar Chanah then related - how in spite of the fact that this Demon was running as fast is could, Hash-m did not allow him to catch the rider.

6)

(a)One day Hurmin saddled two donkeys, which he then placed one on each of the two bridges of the River Rugnag. What did he do next (despite the fact that the two bridges were not close to each other)?

(b)What was it that rendered his stunt even more impressive?

(c)The Demon-king's men killed him for one of two reasons; one of them, because the fact that Hurmin did this in full view of the people, led the king to believe that he was divulging his secrets to them. What is the other?

(d)According to this latter explanation, what was Hurmin doing mixing with humans?

6)

(a)One day Hurmin saddled two mules, which he then placed one on each of the two bridges of the River Rugnag, after which - he proceeded to jump from one to the other, at the same time holding in his hand two cups of wine, which he poured from one cup to the other without spilling any of the wine.

(b)The fact that s storm was raging - rendered his stunt even more impressive.

(c)The Demon-king's men killed him either because the fact that Hurmin did this in full view of the people, led him (the king) to believe that he was divulging his secrets to them, the other - because he was afraid that Hurmin was about to usurp his throne.

(d)According to this latter explanation, Hurmin was mixing with humans - because he was in fact, half human, seeing as his father was a human-being.

73b----------------------------------------73b

7)

(a)Rabah bar bar Chanah related how he saw a newly-born 'Re'eim' (a kind of Chayah [a wild ox, according to some commentaries] with long horns), which was four Parsah long. Which mountain did he compare it to?

(b)If its neck was three Parsah, what was the size of the place where its head lay on the ground?

(c)What happened when the Re'eim defecated in the River Yarden?

7)

(a)Rabah bar bar Chanah related how he saw a newly-born 'Re'eim' (a species of Chayah [possibly a wild ox] with long horns), which was four Parsah long - the size of Har Tavor.

(b)Its neck was three Parsah, and the size of the place where its head lay on the ground - one Parsah.

(c)When the Re'eim defecated in the River Yarden - it temporarily drained it.

8)

(a)He also saw a frog the size of the town Akra of Hagrunya. How many houses were there in Akra?

(b)If a serpent swallowed the frog, what swallowed the serpent?

(c)What did Rabah bar bar Chanah comment on the tree on which that raven perched?

(d)What did Rav Papa bar Shmuel comment about Rabah bar bar Chanah's testimony?

8)

(a)He also saw a frog the size of the town Akra of Hagrunya - which comprised sixty houses.

(b)A serpent swallowed the frog - and a female raven, swallowed the serpent.

(c)Rabah bar bar Chanah commented - on the strength of the tree on which that raven subsequently perched.

(d)Rav Papa bar Shmuel commented - that if he had not seen the tree with his own eyes, he would not have believed Rabah bar bar Chanah's testimony.

9)

(a)When he was once travelling in a boat, he saw how a certain insect (possibly a stickleback) entered a fish's gills. What ...

1. ... happened to the insect?

2. ... catastrophe ensued?

(b)Sixty towns ate from it and sixty towns salted what was left. What use did they make from one of its eye-balls?

(c)What did Rabah bar bar Chanah find them doing with its bones, when he returned a year later?

9)

(a)When he was once travelling in a boat, he saw how a certain insect (possibly a stickleback) entered a fish's gills ...

1. ... and died, and ...

2. ... the sea (which does not tolerate anything that has died), cast it out. When it landed, it destroyed sixty towns.

(b)Sixty towns ate from it and sixty towns salted what was left. From one of its eye-balls - they filled three hundred barrels of oil.

(c)When he returned a year later, Rabah bar bar Chanah found them - sawing its bones, to make planks with which to rebuild the destroyed towns.

10)

(a)On another such occasion, what prompted did Rabah bar bar Chanah to leave his ship to stretch on the back of a large fish?

(b)Why did the fish turn over? How was Rabah bar bar Chanah saved from drowning?

(c)In another episode, how long did it take for his ship to sail from the fin beside the fish's head to the fin beside its tail?

(d)In which direction were they traveling?

10)

(a)On another such occasion, Rabah bar bar Chanah left his ship to stretch on the back of a large fish - because, due to the fact that there was sand on its back and greenery growing on the sand, he took it to be a small island.

(b)The fish turned over - when he began to cook on its back, and it found the heat uncomfortable. He was only saved from drowning - because the ship was so close by.

(c)In another episode, it took his ship three days and three nights to sail from the fin beside a fish's head to the fin beside its tail.

(d)As a matter of fact, the fish was swimming against the wind, whilst they were sailing with the wind.

11)

(a)According to the testimony Rav Dimi gave when he arrived from Eretz Yisrael, how long did it take for the ship to travel sixty Parsah?

(b)How else did he prove the amazing speed of the ship?

(c)What did Rav Ashi mean to say when he explained 'ha'Hu Gild'na de'Yama Hava'i'?

11)

(a)According to the testimony Rav Dimi gave when he arrived from Eretz Yisrael, the ship traveled sixty Parsah - in the time it takes to heat up a kettle.

(b)He also proved the amazing speed of the ship - from the fact that if someone on land shot an arrow in the direction that the ship was traveling, the ship would arrive at the spot where the arrow was due to fall before the arrow landed.

(c)When Rav Ashi said 'ha'Hu Gild'na de'Yama Hava'i', he meant to say - that the fish under discussion was a relatively small one (called 'Gild'na de'Yama', since unlike other fish, it possesses two fins on its back.

12)

(a)Rabah bar bar Chanah was once traveling in a boat when he saw a certain bird standing in the water. What led him to believe that the water was not deep?

(b)Where was its head?

(c)What did the bas-Kol (a Heavenly Voice) announce, when Rabah bar bar Chanah wanted to enter the water to cool himself?

(d)Why, after seven years, had the carpenter's ax still not landed (besides for the depth of the water)?

(e)Why did Rav Ashi quote the Pasuk in Tehilim "ve'Ziz Sadai Imadi"? What does this Pasuk have to do with the current episode?

12)

(a)Rabah bar bar Chanah was once traveling in a boat when he saw a certain bird standing in the water. What led him to believe that the water in which it was standing was not deep - was the fact that the water reached only up to its knees.

(b)Its head - reached the sky.

(c)When Rabah bar bar Chanah wanted to enter the water to cool himself, a bas-Kol (a Heavenly Voice) announced - that he would be well-advised not to, since a carpenter's ax had fallen into the water there seven years earlier, and had not yet come to rest ...

(d)... not because of the depth of the water, but - because of its turbulence.

(e)Rav Ashi quoted the Pasuk in Tehilim "ve'Ziz Sadai Imadi" - to teach us that the name of the bird currently under discussion was 'Ziz Sadai' (as hinted in the word 'Imadi' [because its head was with Hash-m in His domain]).

13)

(a)Why were the feathers of the geese that Rabah bar bar Chanah came across in the desert falling off? What did he see underneath them?

(b)Why did one of the birds raise its wing and another its thigh?

(c)What did Rebbi Elazar mean when he said that Yisrael would have to give reckoning (for their sins)? What did that have to do with the geese?

13)

(a)The feathers of the geese that Rabah bar bar Chanah once came across in the desert were falling off - because the geese were so fat. Underneath them, he saw rivers of oil flowing.

(b)Following Rabah bar bar Chanah's query whether he was destined to receive any part of them as his reward in the World to Come, one of the birds raised its wing and another its thigh - intimating that they represented his reward.

(c)When Rebbi Elazar said that Yisrael would have to give reckoning (for their sins) - he was referring to their delaying of the Mashi'ach, as a result of which these geese were getting fatter and fatter, causing them increasing suffering.

14)

(a)Rabah bar bar Chanah was once going n the desert in the company of an Arab merchant. What unusual power did the Arab possess?

(b)He even used the earth to find out how far they were from water. How far were they from water when Rabah bar bar Chanah posed the question ...

1. ... the first time?

2. ... the second time

(c)How did Rabah bar bar Chanah catch the Arab out?

14)

(a)Rabah bar bar Chanah was once going n the desert in the company of an Arab merchant, who possessed the ability - to tell which town the route they were traversing led to, by smelling the earth at any given spot.

(b)He even used the earth to find out how far they were from water. When Rabah bar bar Chanah posed the question ...

1. ... the first time, they were - eight Parsah from water.

2. ... the second time - it was only three Parsah.

(c)Rabah bar bar Chanah tested the Arab's expertise - by giving him the two samples in the wrong order, but the Arab passed the test.

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