1)

(a)Why is one not permitted to enter the tombs of Tzadikim after their death?

(b)Then who gave Rebbi Bena'ah the right to do so?

(c)Why did he need to go in?

(d)Rebbi Bena'ah found Eliezer Eved Avraham outside the Me'aras ha'Machpelah. What was he doing there? Why was he not lying in his grave?

1)

(a)One is not permitted to enter the tombs of Tzadikim after their death - because they are greater after death than during their lifetime

(b)Rebbi Bena'ah had a special dispensation - because he was a great and important man.

(c)He needed to go in - to measure the actual grave area, whose exact site he would then mark on the outside (so that people who dealt with Taharos would know to avoid becoming Tamei be'Ohel ha'Meis. See Tosfos).

(d)Rebbi Bena'ah found Eliezer Eved Avraham outside the Me'aras ha'Machpelah. He was not lying in his grave - because, as one of the seven people who did not die, he did not possess one.

2)

(a)Why did Avraham Avinu allow Rebbi Bena'ah to enter, in spite of what he would see when he did?

(b)What did Rebbi Bena'ah find Avraham and Sarah doing?

(c)Why did they not let him in to the tomb of Adam ha'Rishon?

(d)To whom does 'D'mus D'yukni (the likeness of the image of Hash-m)' refer?

2)

(a)Avraham Avinu allowed Rebbi Bena'ah to enter, in spite of what he would see when he did - because Rebbi Bena'ah knew that there was no Yetzer ha'Ra in that world, and it was therefore not necessary to hide from him.

(b)When he entered - he found Avraham Avinu lying in Sarah's arms.

(c)They did not let him in to the tomb of Adam ha'Rishon however - because 'it sufficed that he beheld D'mus D'yukni (the likeness of the image of Hash-m), which we shall now explain), but he was not permitted to behold the image itself'.

(d)'D'mus D'yukni' refers - to Ya'akov Avinu, whom Chazal describe as 'similar to Adam ha'Rishon'.

3)

(a)Rebbi Bena'ah asked how he would know where to mark on the outside of Adam's tomb. What did they answer him?

(b)And what do we mean when we say, in the second Lashon, 'ke'Midas Elyonah Kach Midas Tachtonah'? In what way does the second Lashon disagree with the first?

(c)Rebbi Bena'ah did see Adam's heels however. What did they resemble?

(d)In light of the Pasuk "Ki Afar Atah ve'el Afar Tashuv", how is it that the bodies of Adam and the Avos were still complete?

3)

(a)When Rebbi Bena'ah asked how he would know where to mark on the outside of Adam's tomb, they answered him that - the inner burial-cave (where Adam and Chavah were buried) had the same measurements as the outer one (where the Avos and Imahos were buried), so he would know one from the other.

(b)When we say, in the second Lashon, 'ke'Midas Elyonah Kach Midas Tachtonah', we mean that - according to those who say that Adam and Chavah were buried (not deeper inside the cave, but) below the Avos, the measurements were also equivalent (so that the Tum'ah did not protrude in any direction).

(c)Rebbi Bena'ah did however, see Adam's heels - which shone like two suns.

(d)In spite of the Pasuk "Ki Afar atah ve'el Afar Tashuv", the bodies of Adam and the Avos were still complete - because, as we explain in Shabbos, it is a moment before Techi'as ha'Meisim that this will occur.

4)

(a)It seems that Adam was the most beautiful of all Hash-m's creations. How do Chazal describe Chavah to Adam, Sarah to Chavah and everybody else to Sarah?

(b)Ya'akov resembled Adam, and Rebbi Avahu, Ya'akov. Who resembled Rebbi Avahu?

(c)Why does Rebbi Yochanan, who was exceptionally good-looking, not appear on this list.

4)

(a)It seems that Adam was the most beautiful of all Hash-m's creations. Chazal describe Chavah to Adam, Sarah to Chavah and everybody else to Sarah as 'like a monkey to a human-being'.

(b)Ya'akov resembled Adam, Rebbi Avahu, Ya'akov - and Rav Kahana, Rebbi Avahu.

(c)Rebbi Yochanan, who was exceptionally good-looking, does not appear on this list because he had no beard, and therefore lacked the venerable appearance of the others.

5)

(a)What was that magician doing by the grave of Rav Tuvi bar Masni?

(b)And what was Abaye doing there?

(c)What happened the following year, when the magician persisted in his evil ways?

5)

(a)The magician was digging up the dead and stripping them of their clothes, when he came upon the grave of Rav Tuvi bar Masni.

(b)Abaye came to plead with Rav Tuvi bar Masni, who had grabbed hold of the magician's beard, which he refused to let go.

(c)The following year, when the magician persisted in his evil ways - even Abaye's pleas would not soften him, and they were forced to shear off his beard.

6)

(a)How did Rebbi Bena'ah explain the oral will of a certain dying man, who bequeathed a barrel of earth to one son, a barrel of bones to the second son and a barrel containing pieces of cloth to the third one?

(b)Why did he speak in riddles?

(c)How did another man discover that only one out of his ten children was really his?

(d)Now knowing which son his wife had referred to, how did he word his will?

6)

(a)When a certain dying man bequeathed a barrel of earth to one son, a barrel of bones to the second son and a barrel containing pieces of cloth to the third one Rebbi Bena'ah explained that - what he had meant was land, animals and clothes respectively.

(b)He spoke in riddles - because he did not want people to know that he had been wealthy.

(c)Another man discovered that only one out of his ten children was really his - when he overheard his wife telling this to his daughter, and asking her why she did not sin more discreetly (like she herself did).

(d)Not knowing which son his wife had referred to - he left in his will that all his property should go to one of his sons.

7)

(a)What did Rebbi Bena'ah (with whom the deceased father seems to have worked in collusion) do to ascertain which son was the true heir?

(b)How did the brothers react to Rebbi Bena'ah's ruling? What happened next?

(c)What did Rebbi Bena'ah's wife do to have him released from jail?

(d)The riddle concerned an Eved whose head they cut off, whose skin they flayed and whose flesh they ate. What was she referring to?

7)

(a)To ascertain which son was the true heir Rebbi Bena'ah (together with whom the deceased father seems to have formulated this plan) - instructed all ten sons to take sticks and strike their father's grave. When one of them refused, Rebbi Bena'ah declared him to be the real son.

(b)The brothers reacted to Rebbi Bena'ah's ruling - by having him jailed, which they achieved by reporting him to the king, for issuing judicial rulings without witnesses.

(c)To have her husband released from jail - Rebbi Bana'ah's wife posed a riddle which she knew they would not be able to decipher, and they would consequently be forced to turn to the wise man of the Jews; namely, Rebbi Bena'ah.

(d)The riddle concerned an Eved whose head they cut off, whose skin they flayed and whose flesh they ate. She was referring to - a ram which they stole from her, Shechted and flayed. They ate the flesh, and made from the skin a flask, which they filled with water and served to her friends, without paying her a cent (see also Agados Maharsha).

58b----------------------------------------58b

8)

(a)When Rebbi Bena'ah was subsequently appointed judge, he found an inscription written on the city gates (where the court sat) which read 'Any judge who is taken to court is not called a judge'. What objection did he raise to this inscription?

(b)How did he therefore amend it?

(c)Another inscription there read 'I, blood, am the prime source of deaths; and I, wine, am the prime source of life'. What does the first phrase mean?

8)

(a)When Rebbi Bena'ah was subsequently appointed judge, he found an inscription written on the city gates (where the court sat) which read 'Any judge who is taken to court is not called a judge'. He objected to this inscription, since - it is hardly the fault of the judge, if he is taken to court under false pretences.

(b)He therefore amended the statement to read - 'Any judge who is taken to court and who loses his case (and is ordered to pay), is not called a judge.

(c)Another inscription there read 'I, blood, am the prime source of deaths; and I, wine, am the prime source of life'. The first phrase means that - 'excess blood (that they failed to let) is the prime cause of death'.

9)

(a)However, someone who falls off a roof, does not die as a result of too much blood. So how did he amend that statement to read?

(b)Neither will someone who is being led out to be executed live, when they hand him wine to drink. So how does he amend the second phrase?

(c)How did they react to Rebbi Bena'ah's amendments?

(d)What does one need in a place where there is no wine?

9)

(a)However, someone who falls off a roof, does not die as a result of too much blood however. So he amended that statement to read - 'I, blood, am the prime cause of illness'.

(b)Neither will someone who is being led out to be executed live, when they hand him wine to drink. So he amended the second phrase to read - 'I, wine, am the prime healer'.

(c)They reacted to Rebbi Bena'ah's amendments - by inserting them, after the words 'However, the Elder of the Jews says ... '.

(d)In a place where there is no wine one needs - more medication.

10)

(a)The inscription 'Anpak', 'Anbag' and 'Antal' was written on the gates of Keputki. What do these three things have in common? What are they?

(b)What are the ramifications of the inscription?

(c)Why do we refer to it as 'Revi'is shel Torah'?

(d)A Nazir too, is only Chayav if he drinks a Revi'is of wine 'Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai'. How many things does the Sugya in Nazir list that have a Shi'ur Revi'is?

10)

(a)The inscription 'Anpak', 'Anbag' and 'Antal' was written on the gates of Keputki. All of these are synonymous with a Revi'is (a quarter of a Lug [one and a half egg-volumes]).

(b)The ramifications of the inscription are that - if someone undertakes to sell his friend any of these three, he is obligated to supply him with a Revi'is.

(c)We refer to it as 'Revi'is shel Torah' - because the four cups of wine on Pesach (which require a Revi'is) are based on Pesukim in the Torah.

(d)A Nazir too, is only Chayav if he drinks a Revi'is of wine 'Halachah le'Moshe mi'Sinai'. The Sugya in Nazir lists - ten things that have a Shiur Revi'is.

11)

(a)Our Mishnah teaches that a Marzev is not subject to a three-year Chazakah, but a Mazchilah is. What is ...

1. ... a Marzev?

2. ... a Mazchilah?

(b)Why is the former called by that name?

(c)Why is it not subject to Chazakah?

(d)An Egyptian ladder does not have a Chazakah, whereas a Tzuri ladder does, and the Tana makes the same distinction between an Egyptian window and a Tzuri one. Why is that? What is the difference between ...

1. ... the two ladders?

2. ... the two windows?

11)

(a)Our Mishnah teaches that a Marzev is not subject to a Chazakah but a Mazchilah is.

1. ... A Marzev is a short length of (vertical) pipe, which one attaches to either end of the Mazchilah, to prevent the water from flowing down the side of the building and spoiling the wall.

2. ... A Mazchilah is a (horizontal) gutter.

(b)The name of the former is - based on the acronym 'Mar Zav', which means 'drops (a trickle) flow(s)'.

(c)It is not subject to Chazakah - because it does not have a permanent fixture; sometimes one fixes it on one side of the gutter, sometimes on the other.

(d)An Egyptian ladder does not have a Chazakah, whereas a Tzuri ladder does, and the Tana makes the same distinction between an Egyptian window and a Tzuri one. The difference between ...

1. ... the two ladders is that the former is small and moved from one place to another, whereas the latter is large and permanently fixed.

2. ... the two windows is that the former is small (too small even to fit one's head [and is built for guarding one's orchards and gardens]), whereas the latter is large enough to poke one's head into.

12)

(a)What is the significance of the fact that a ladder or a window is small and not fixed?

(b)When will even a small window be subject to Chazakah?

(c)On what condition is even an Egyptian window subject to Chazakah, according to Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah?

12)

(a)The significance of the fact that a ladder or a window is small and not fixed is that - then, the owner is not generally fussy and does not therefore bother to make a Mecha'ah.

(b)Even a small window will be subject to Chazakah - if it is to let in light.

(c)According to Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, even an Egyptian window is subject to Chazakah - if it has a frame.

13)

(a)With regard to the Din of a Marzev, our Mishnah writes 'Ein lo Chazakah, Aval Yesh li'Mekomo Chazakah', which Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel interprets to mean 'Ein lo Chazakah me'Ru'ach Echad, Aval Yesh lo Chazakah mi'Shenei Ruchos'. What does this mean.

(b)Why does he not have a Chazakah on one side?

(c)Rebbi Chanina and Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba both disagree with Rav Yehudah. According to Rebbi Chanina, 'ha'Marzev Ein lo Chazakah means 'she'Im Hayah Aruch, Mekatzro'. What does this mean?

(d)Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba explains 'ha'Marzev Ein lo Chazakah' like Rebbi Chanina. How does he explain 'Aval Yesh li'Mekomo Chazakah'?

13)

(a)With regard to the Din of a Marzev, our Mishnah writes 'Ein lo Chazakah, Aval Yesh li'Mekomo Chazakah', which Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel interprets to mean 'Ein lo Chazakah me'Ru'ach Echad, Aval Yesh lo Chazakah mi'Shenei Ruchos, meaning that - although the Machzik does not have a Chazakah on either side (so that the owner of the Chatzer can force him to move it from one side to the other, should he need the space on either side of the gutter), he does have a Chazakah on one of the two sides (and he cannot force him to dismantle it).

(b)He does not have a Chazakah on one side - because it makes no difference to him from which side of the gutter the water drains from his roof.

(c)Rebbi Chanina and Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba both disagree with Rav Yehudah. According to Rebbi Chanina, 'ha'Marzev Ein lo Chazakah means 'she'Im Hayah Aruch, Mekatzro' meaning that - the Machzik does not have a Chazakah of the use of the drain-pipe irrespective of its length. Because if it is longer than necessary, the owner of the Chatzer may force him to cut it shorter. He does however, have a Chazakah over the location, and the owner cannot force him to move it to the other side.

(d)Rebbi Yirmiyah bar Aba explains 'ha'Marzev Ein lo Chazakah' like Rebbi Chanina, but 'Aval Yesh li'Mekomo Chazakah', in his opinion, means that - the owner is entitled to build underneath the Marzev up to the actual Marzev (and the owner cannot claim a Chazakah on the space below the pipe).

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