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BAVA BASRA 124
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[124a - 24 lines; 124b - 39 lines]


1)
[line 8] SHTAR CHOV - a loan document (the father was owed money at the time of his death)
2)
[line 11] "LASES LO PI SHENAYIM" - "He must recognize the firstborn son of the hated wife to give him a double portion of everything in his possession (lit. that is found with him)." (Devarim 21:17)
3)
[line 18] L'MEISVA LEI A'CHAD MEITZRA - to give to him [both of his shares] on one border (adjacent to each other)
4a)
[line 20] DIKLA V'ALIM - a date-palm that became thicker (after the death of the father)
  b)
[line 21] AR'A V'ASIK SEIRATON - land that became covered with silt, which fertilizes and improves the field
5a)
[line 22] CHAFURAH V'HAVAH SHUBLEI - unripe grain that became ripe ears of grain (after the father's death)
  b)
[line 22] SHELUFAFEI V'HAVU TAMREI - undeveloped dates that became [fully-grown] dates
6)
[line 23] ISHTENI - it has changed (that is, when unripe grain becomes ripe ears of grain, and undeveloped dates become fully-grown dates, this is considered a fundamental change and the new object is considered entirely different from the old object, and, therefore, the firstborn is not considered Muchzak)


124b----------------------------------------124b


7)
[line 1] HALACHAH K'REBBI ME'CHAVEIRO V'LO ME'CHAVEIRAV - [he is in doubt whether] the Halachah follows Rebbi (Rebbi Yehudah ha'Nasi) when he is opposed by a single colleague, but not when he is opposed by many colleagues
8)
[line 5] MUTAR LA'ASOS - one is obligated to do [like Rebbi] (the reason why Rav Nachman uses the term "Mutar," which literally means "it is permitted," and not the word "Chayav" (obligated), is because he is responding to Rav who states that one is prohibited to follow the view of Rebbi -- RITVA)
9)
[line 9] MATIN ITMAR - it was said that we lean or incline; i.e. we teach the ruling of the Chachamim publicly, but if someone acts in accordance with the view of Rebbi, we do not revoke his ruling (see RITVA)
10)
[line 9] BI'SHE'AR SIFREI D'VEI RAV - (lit. in the other writings of the Yeshiva of Rav) the other Halachic Midrashim taught in the Yeshivah of Rav (besides the "Toras Kohanim," as follows). "Sifra d'Vei Rav" refers to the book of Beraisa'os known as the "Toras Kohanim," which expounds the verses in Vayikra. "She'ar Sifrei d'Vei Rav" refers to the books of Beraisa'os known as the "Sifri" (which expounds the verses in Bamidbar and Devarim, beginning with Bamidbar 5:1), and the "Mechilta" (which expounds the verses in Shemos, beginning with Shemos 12:1).

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